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HER Number:MDV53409
Name:Millstone within enclosure, Merrivale settlement

Summary

This millstone lies within an enclosure situated within a large partially enclosed settlement.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 555 749
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/369
  • Old SAM Ref: 24191

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MILLSTONE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

1895, Untitled Source, 87 (Article in Serial). SDV252776.

Other details: Plan.


Worth, R. H., 1981, Dartmoor, 108 (Monograph). SDV231173.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 74 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Crossing, W., 1992, Untitled Source, 113 (Monograph). SDV252772.


Gerrard, S., 1994, MPP/133501 (Site Visit). SDV219156.

This millstone lies within an enclosure situated within a large partially enclosed settlement. The millstone survives as a 2.0 meter diameter and 0.3 meter thick circular slab of granite with a flat base and convex upper surface. The stone is propped on top of several smaller stones, presumably in preparation for transport. This disposition led to at least two antiquarians independently identifying the site as that of a dolmen. According to Worth, Major Hamilton Smith erroneously identified the millstone as a dolmen in the early part of the 19th century, whilst Crossing notes that Mr C. Spence Bate also believed in its funerary origin until his young son located the man responsible for making it. Both Worth and Crossing agree that the stone is an edge runner for a cider mill, though it is not clear why it was not removed. Other details: 133539.


Gerrard, S., 1994, Untitled Source (Photograph). SDV252774.


Probert, S. A. J., 2000, The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV344969.

An unfinished and abandoned granite millstone, possibly for use in an apple or gorse crusher. The dome-shaped stone has a perfectly flat underside and measures up to 2.1 meters across. The edge runner is 0.25 meters wide and the thickness of the stone (to the apex) is 0.4 meters. There is no central hole for a drive axle and the stone was presumably rejected for use because it is not circular and the rim is damaged. Other details: 440035 NMR number: SX 57 SE 5.


Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage, 2004, Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape, 22 (Leaflet). SDV320201.

A large circular shaped block of granite supported on blocks can be seen within one of the enclosures. Although described by some of the early Merrivale recorders as the remains of a prehistoric burial cromlech, it is actually an unfinished apple or gorse crushing stone. The reason for its abandonment is unknown.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 74.
SDV219156Site Visit: Gerrard, S.. 1994. MPP/133501. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset..
SDV231173Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1981. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. 108.
SDV252772Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1992. Dartmoor Worker. 113.
SDV252774Photograph: Gerrard, S.. 1994.
SDV252776Article in Serial: 1895. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 27. 87.
SDV320201Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage. 2004. Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape. A5 Stapled. 22.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #94648 ]
SDV344969Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2000. The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon. English Heritage. 1247982. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV4905Part of: Enclosure with internal hut circle, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4905Related to: Enclosure with internal hut circle, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4897Part of: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)
MDV4905Part of: Enclosure with internal hut circle, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4905Related to: Enclosure with internal hut circle, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4906Related to: Hut circle 36, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Oct 7 2010 11:26AM