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HER Number:MDV54124
Name:Ring Ditch at Cranbrook Connuminty School

Summary

Site of an early Bronze Age ring ditch which was visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs of 1989. Its position was respected by a later Bronze Age field boundary. Excavation in advance of development revealed a deep pit within the ring ditch at the bottom of which was an archer’s stone bracer and a Beaker vessel of circa 2000BC.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 002 951
Map Sheet:SY09NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBROADCLYST

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric ring ditch intersecting sub-rectangular, single ditched enclosure north east of Kingswood

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1048162
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY09NW/57

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING DITCH (Early Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 1501 BC (Between))

Full description

Robinson, R., 1987 - 2000, Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project (Un-published). SDV342165.

Sites lie on level ground, no visible traces. Other details: Photos B C 11,12.

Devon County Council, 1989, DAP 6762, DAP 6762/07-08 04-JUL-1989 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357383.

A cropmark ring ditch is visible.

Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/NO, 7-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV133094.

Ring ditch, showing as annular dark mark 20m diameter. This intersects with part of a sub-rectangular single ditched enclosure. Recorded from the air as a cropmark by F Griffith in 1989.

CPM, 2000, Land at Clyst Hayes: Archaeological assessment, 13 (Report - Assessment). SDV325508.

Archaeological Services WYAS, 2003, East Devon new community, 3.4 (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV323042.

A geophysical survey undertaken in 2003 did not identify the possible ring ditch. Other details: Block 2.

Exeter Archaeology, 2004, Archaeological evaluation of the proposed site for East Devon new community - Draft, 3-4, 8-9, Figs 1-6 (Report - Evaluation). SDV101308.

Two trenches were excavated by Exeter Archaeology in 2004. A north to south aligned trackway 2.4m wide x 0.3m deep was revealed in the eastern trench. The western trench revealed a small subcircular ring ditch c6m diameter within a larger circular ditch up to 20m diameter. The western half of the outer feature lay within a rectilinear enclosure c30m x c25m assumed to be of a slightly later date. The small irregular ring ditch 0.32m wide x up to 0.15m deep contained a sherd of probable late Iron Age pottery. The larger ditch c1m wide x c.0.25m deep contained 16 sherds of probable Bronze Age pottery. The southern boundary of the rectilinear enclosure comprised a 1m wide x 0.48m deep ditch from which 4 fragments of early to middle Bronze Age pottery were recovered. The ditch appeared to replace an earlier ditch on the same alignment. Other details: Draft Report.

Waterman CPM Ltd, 2006, Cranbrook, Devon: Archaeological Mitigation Strategy, 5, 7 (Report - non-specific). SDV345274.

This site was originally identified on air photographs as a rectangular enclosure containing a circular feature. Trial trenching confirmed the survival of several truncated ditches of Bronze Age or later date. During archaeological recording the known extent of the ditches should be exposed, and further soil stripping undertaken to expose any features shown to continue beyond these extents. Other details: Plan 1, Area C.

Bryant, A., 2007, East of Exeter Major Scheme Bid M5 Junction 29 and Old A30, Exeter, Devon: Historic Environment Desk-based Assessment, 8 (Report - Assessment). SDV345164.

Other details: Appendix 1, site 93; figure 3.

Horner, W., 2011, Cranbrook: New Community, Ancient Landscape, 1, 6 (Article in Serial). SDV351760.

The ring ditch, identified as a crop mark in 1989, was excavated by Foundations Archaeology in 2011 in advance of construction of the new community school. It was shown to be early Bronze Age and would once have surrounded a barrow. Its position was respected by a later Bronze Age field boundary. Finds included flint tools and pottery.

Stephenson, B., 2012, Cranbrook: New Community, Ancient Landscape, 10 (Article in Serial). SDV351768.

Excavations by Foundations Archaeology in advance of development revealed a deep pit within the ring ditch at the bottom of which was an archer’s stone bracer and a Beaker vessel of circa 2000BC. The bracer is thought to be made from Langdale stone from Cumbria.
Further finds of Beaker sherds and Trevisker type pottery sherds suggest that the knoll on which the ring ditch is located saw activity over many centuries.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A ring ditch of probable Bronze Age to Roman date was visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs of 1989, on the west facing slopes north of South Whimple Farm. The cropmark of the ditch was approximately 1 to 1.5 metres wide and enclosed an area roughly 18 metres in diameter. An apparent break in the circuit on the northern edge, approximately 8 metres long, was probably caused by an increase in depth of soil cover adjacent to an outcrop of bedrock. A possible internal feature was visible as a roughly circular cropmark circa 6 metres in diameter.
A possible rectilinear ditched enclosure was visible intersecting with the ring ditch from the west. The easternmost edge of this possible enclosure projects into the centre of the ring ditch, adjacent to the possible internal feature. The enclosure has now been recorded separately.
The ring ditch is now situated under Cranbrook new town and has probably been levelled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV101308Report - Evaluation: Exeter Archaeology. 2004. Archaeological evaluation of the proposed site for East Devon new community - Draft. Exeter Archaeology Report. A4 stapled + Digital. 3-4, 8-9, Figs 1-6.
SDV133094Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/NO. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 7-8.
SDV323042Report - Geophysical Survey: Archaeological Services WYAS. 2003. East Devon new community. Archaeological Services WYAS Report. 1174. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.4.
SDV325508Report - Assessment: CPM. 2000. Land at Clyst Hayes: Archaeological assessment. CPM Report. A4 Spiral Bound + Digital. 13.
SDV342165Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1987 - 2000. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. A4 Unbound.
SDV345164Report - Assessment: Bryant, A.. 2007. East of Exeter Major Scheme Bid M5 Junction 29 and Old A30, Exeter, Devon: Historic Environment Desk-based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 63771.01. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8.
SDV345274Report - non-specific: Waterman CPM Ltd. 2006. Cranbrook, Devon: Archaeological Mitigation Strategy. Waterman CPM Ltd. H1173_08c. A4 Bound. 5, 7.
SDV351760Article in Serial: Horner, W.. 2011. Cranbrook: New Community, Ancient Landscape. Devon Archaeological Society Newsletter. 110. A4 Stapled. 1, 6.
SDV351768Article in Serial: Stephenson, B.. 2012. Cranbrook: New Community, Ancient Landscape. Devon Archaeological Society Newsletter. 111. A4 Stapled. 10.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357383Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1989. DAP 6762. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 6762/07-08 04-JUL-1989. [Mapped feature: #94776 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV130357Related to: Early Bronze Age Pit at Cranbrook (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV7552 - ARM GUARD (Early Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FDV7551 - BEAKER (Early Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 1501 BC)

Associated Events

  • EDV2530 - DAP/NO
  • EDV2531 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV2532 - Archaeological evaluation of the proposed site for East Devon new community
  • EDV2533 - Land at Clyst Hayes: an archaeological assessment
  • EDV2534 - East Devon new community
  • EDV4887 - Assessment Two Areas of Highway to the East of Exeter
  • EDV4910 - A Programme of Archaeological Assessment and Evaluation between Blue Hayes and Southbrook, East Devon
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 31 2021 10:43AM