HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV5435
Name:Morwellham Quay

Summary

The medieval and post-medieval quay, believed to have been located in the area to the south and east of the Ship Inn, was established by the early 13th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 446 697
Map Sheet:SX46NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX46NW/501
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • QUAY (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 222 (Monograph). SDV1312.


Booker, F., 1967, Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley, 19, 23-35, 261-2 (Monograph). SDV240774.


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 30 (Monograph). SDV7016.


Carver, R. S., 1973, Untitled Source, 1-2 (Article in Serial). SDV344273.


Patrick, A., 1974, The Growth and Decline of Morwellham, 95-117 (Article in Serial). SDV344260.

By the time it is first mentioned in the 13th century, Morwellham appears to have been well established, and it is possible that it came into existence around the same time as the Borough of Tavistock in the 12th century. It was held by Tavistock Abbey until the dissolution in 1539. There is little evidence from this period to show what facilities existed at the port and what goods passed through. In 1539 it became the property of the Russells, later the Earls and Dukes of Bedford. Leased at first with the Barton of Morwell, there is no indication of the extent of trade, nor the number and function of buildings. By 1666 Morwellham and 'the Wharf' were being granted in their own right, which possibly indicates that goods passing through were increasing. By the early 18th century Morwellham was leased to the Gill family, when imports included coal, bricks, lime and timber, and exports included bark, small timber, tin and some copper. Other details: Figures 1-2.


Hedges, C., 1975, The Tavistock Canal. A Short History (Monograph). SDV361772.


Booker, F., 1976, Untitled Source (Monograph). SDV344235.


Gaskell-Brown, C., 1977, Morwellham: An Archaeological Survey, 22-23 (Report - Survey). SDV344219.

The quay area from the old dock eastwards to the old limekilns, in front of the Ship Inn, is the area that was used in medieval times, the dock being built at the point where the natural stream joined the Tamar. A medieval document of 1235-40 refers to 'the house of the quay and the haulin before it', 'haulin' probably meaning a slipway.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX46NW15 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV344272.

Morwellham, first mentioned 1235-40, was a port for 700 years and in the middle of the 19th century was probably the most important copper ore exporting centre in Europe. In the Middle Ages it was in the possession of the Benedictine Abbots of Tavistock and became Tavistock's main port, being the highest point a ship of any size could reach on the tidal river Tamar.


Department of Environment, 1987, Tavistock Hamlets, 108 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV221830.

Quay, late 18th to early 19th century. Pitched rubble with granite copings. Quay forms basin about 15 metres long and about 5 metres wide in U-plan, walls about 3 metres high. At the base of the rear wall there is a central round-arched opening, the tailrace of the water mill to north-west.


Griffith, F. M., 1988, DAP/JU, 12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV336509.


Griffith, F. M., 1988, DAP/KM, 5-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV242441.


Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N., 1989, The Buildings of England: Devon, 580 (Monograph). SDV325629.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1991, An Assessment of Copper Mining in Devon (Copper, Brass, Tin), 17 (Report - Assessment). SDV60709.

Morwellham Quay originated in the medieval period as the main port for Tavistock Abbey.


Cox, J. + Thorp, J. R. L., 1992, Canal Cottage, Morwellham, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV336711.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 38-9 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.

River port on the Tamar, established at the highest navigable point for vessels of 10 feet draught. First recorded as Morwelham in 1238 when it belonged to Tavistock Abbey. At dissolution in 1539 Morwellham passed to the Russell family, then later to the Earls and Dukes of Bedford.


Passmore, A. J., 2009, Archaeological Recording at Morwellham Quay 2008-9, 1-2 (Report - Survey). SDV344217.

Archaeological recording undertaken on several buildings and structures in during conservation works and enhancement of the visitor facilities at Morwellham Quay. These included the manganese mill launder and waterwheel, the large limekilns, the methodist chapel, Port Museum and the courtyard to the west of the Manager's House.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 222.
SDV221830List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Tavistock Hamlets. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 108.
SDV240774Monograph: Booker, F.. 1967. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. A5 Hardback. 19, 23-35, 261-2.
SDV242441Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1988. DAP/KM. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5-6.
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 38-9.
SDV325629Monograph: Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N.. 1989. The Buildings of England: Devon. The Buildings of England: Devon. Hardback Volume. 580.
SDV336509Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1988. DAP/JU. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12.
SDV336711Report - Survey: Cox, J. + Thorp, J. R. L.. 1992. Canal Cottage, Morwellham. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants Report. K401. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV344217Report - Survey: Passmore, A. J.. 2009. Archaeological Recording at Morwellham Quay 2008-9. Exeter Archaeology Report. 09.100. Digital. 1-2.
SDV344219Report - Survey: Gaskell-Brown, C.. 1977. Morwellham: An Archaeological Survey. A4 Stapled + Digital. 22-23.
SDV344235Monograph: Booker, F.. 1976. Morwellham in the Tamar Valley. Unknown.
SDV344260Article in Serial: Patrick, A.. 1974. The Growth and Decline of Morwellham. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 106. A5 Paperback. 95-117.
SDV344272Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX46NW15. OSAD Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV344273Article in Serial: Carver, R. S.. 1973. Devon Archaeological Society News Bulletin. 43. Unknown. 1-2.
SDV361772Monograph: Hedges, C.. 1975. The Tavistock Canal. A Short History. The Tavistock Canal. A5 Paperback.
SDV60709Report - Assessment: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1991. An Assessment of Copper Mining in Devon (Copper, Brass, Tin). A4 Stapled + Digital. 17.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 30.

Associated Monuments

MDV76322Parent of: Bridge at Morwellham Quay (Monument)
MDV7160Part of: Morwellham Quay (Building)
MDV37331Related to: Canal Incline Cottage, Gulworthy (Building)
MDV63051Related to: Tamar Barge 'Lynher' at Morwellham Quay (Monument)
MDV37383Related to: The Manager's House, Morwellham Quay (Building)
MDV63006Related to: The Ship Inn, Morwellham Quay (Building)
MDV4185Related to: Wheal Friendship Mine, Mary Tavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4589 - Archaeological Recording at Morwellham Quay 2008-9
  • EDV4590 - Archaeological Recording at Morwellham Quay 2008-9

Date Last Edited:Jan 24 2019 9:56AM