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HER Number:MDV5441
Name:South Hooe Silver and Lead Mine, Bere Ferrers

Summary

Site of the 19th century South Hooe Silver and Lead Mine. The remains of the engine house and other associated buildings and features are still visible. A range of structures and an earthwork spoil heap recorded as part of the Tamar Valley NMP project are visible here on aerial photographs of 1949.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 423 655
Map Sheet:SX46NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBere Ferrers
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBERE FERRERS

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 437817
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX46NW/508

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'South Hooe Mine (Silver & Lead, disused)' marked on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map. Map object partly based on this Source.


Syme Saunders, E. G., 1936, Plymouth Silver, 299-302 (Article in Serial). SDV340282.

Other details: Map.


Hoskins, W. G., 1954, A New Survey of England: Devon, 332 (Monograph). SDV17562.


Barton, D. B., 1964, The Mines and Mineral Railways of East Cornwall and West Devon, 99-100 (Monograph). SDV240068.


Booker, F., 1967, Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley, 60-65 (Monograph). SDV240774.


Devon County Council, 1970, Devon County Council, Mines and Quarries (Tips) Act 1969, Register of Disused Tips, Vol. 1 (Report - Survey). SDV356723.

Minerals worked, silver and lead.

Waste material tipped.

Well covered at time of survey.

Material could fall into river.

Two location maps included, 1:10560 and 1:2500


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 28 (Monograph). SDV7016.


Atkinson, B., 1988, Untitled Source, 79 (Monograph). SDV344160.


Cranstone, D., 1991, HBMC Assessment of the Lead Industry (Report - non-specific). SDV344159.

Site visit in 1990. Well known 19th century mine, now occupied by market garden/scrapheap. Features located include an open adit, intact spoilheap and site of a washing floor. More may survive in private gardens.


Cranstone, D., 1991, The Lead Industry, Site 1A (Report - non-specific). SDV90317.

Well known 19th century mine, now occupied by market garden/scrapheap - few features located, but more may survive in private gardens.

No features of interest located, (Count House probably survives as private house; not inspected).


Nance, R. W. + Nance, R. D., 1996, A Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon, 109-122 (Article in Serial). SDV241746.


Nance, R. D., 1996, Project Design for a Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon (Report - Assessment). SDV222663.


Buck, C., 1998, Preliminary Assessment of Industrial Sites of Archaeological Importance in the Tamar Valley, 58 (Report - Assessment). SDV336795.

One of the few mines with an underground steam engine. By 1842 there were seven steam engines and in 1861 it was described as the deepest lead mine in England. Operations ceased in 1885.


Buck, C., 1998, Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley, 53 (Report - Assessment). SDV241750.

Site visit 11th March 1998. On the east side of the mine are the remains of the engine house and other buildings which appear to be sited in the garden of a private house. An adit is visible on the west side. Also spoil heaps and features that appear to be denuded reservoir ponds.


Henry, A., 2001, Silver and Salvation: A Late Fifteenth Century Confessors Itinerary Throughout the Parish of Bere Ferrers, Devon, 49 (Article in Serial). SDV216264.

Possibly a silver mine associated with a 15th century tenement at Hooe.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2001-2002, Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records, RAF/540/226/5291&92 1949 (Interpretation). SDV346287.

The post-medieval silver and lead mine is visible as a series of structures and as an earthwork spoil heap on aerial photographs of 1949. Map object partly based on this source.


Claughton, P. F., 2003, Silver Mining in England and Wales, 1066-1500 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV81879.


Buck, C., 2009, South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, Devon: Archaeological Assessment, 8 (Report - Assessment). SDV344692.

South Hooe Mine is a medium sized but relatively undocumented historic mine site. It contains surface evidence of two mine shafts, an extant pumping engine house, and remains of an incline winder engine boiler house and chimney. Both North and South Hooe mines worked the southern half of the western north-south silver/lead lode from the 13th to the 15th centuries and again in the 18th century. Both mines were operating in the early 19th century and, were bought by the Tamar Lead Silver Company in 1835, becoming known as Tamar Consols. Operations finally ceased in 1885.


Gould, R., 2009, South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, West Devon: A Report on the Results of a Desktop Study and a Surface Reconnaisance Inspection in Relation to Past Metalliferous Mining Activity, 8-9 (Report - non-specific). SDV347326.

A walk-over inspection of the site was carried out in August 2009. Neither of the two recorded mine shafts was visible, which indicates that they are either capped or backfilled near the surface. The shafts are very deep therefore they are unlikely to have been completely backfilled. According to an abandoned mine plan an adit was driven south from Engine Shaft and discharged on the river bank just to the south of the site, but no evidence of an open adit was found. Two possible spoil heaps, one to the east and the other to the west of the pumping engine house, are visible as areas of flat lawn terminating in steep banks on their south sides. The pumping engine house is in a poor state of repair, other buildings dilapidated or demolished, although the remains of chimneys can be seen to the north of the engine house and the whim engine house. A preliminary risk assessment was made in advance of proposed consolidation works. Other details: Maps, plans and photographs.


National Monuments Record, 2010, 437817 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV344161.

Remains of lead and silver mine at Hanging Cliff Wood on the North bank of the Tamar, Bere Alston, worked intermittently from the 1290s to the late 19th century. Between 1835 and 1882, 14,40 tons of lead, 326,600 ounces of silver and 780 tons of fluorspar were extracted form the mine. An ordinance of 1298 shows that they were mined at the King's expense. South Hooe Mine is not marked on the map published by Saunders, part of the Ordinance Survey 1 inch map of 1809, nor on that map itself at the above location. Last updated: 2007. Other details: SX46NW13.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.


Buck, C., 2010, South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, Devon: Report on Building Conservation Works, 7 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV345594.

Building conservation works took place between April and June 2010. Sites included were the extant remains of the pumping engine house, remaining walls of the boiler house, remnants of the winding engine boiler house chimney and remaining walls of the winding engine buildings, plus surface works to the closed mine shaft. The earth and stone fill at the rear of the engine house was removed, revealing the interior of this impressive building, including the inside of two openings. Other details: Figures 1-2.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV17562Monograph: Hoskins, W. G.. 1954. A New Survey of England: Devon. A New Survey of England: Devon. A5 Hardback. 332.
SDV216264Article in Serial: Henry, A.. 2001. Silver and Salvation: A Late Fifteenth Century Confessors Itinerary Throughout the Parish of Bere Ferrers, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 133. Photocopy + Digital. 49.
SDV222663Report - Assessment: Nance, R. D.. 1996. Project Design for a Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon. Project Design for a Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon. Unknown.
SDV240068Monograph: Barton, D. B.. 1964. The Mines and Mineral Railways of East Cornwall and West Devon. The Mines and Mineral Railways of East Cornwall and West Devon. A4 Stapled. 99-100.
SDV240774Monograph: Booker, F.. 1967. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. A5 Hardback. 60-65.
SDV241746Article in Serial: Nance, R. W. + Nance, R. D.. 1996. A Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon. Mining History: Bulletin PDMHS. The Archaeology of Mining and Metallurgy in South-West Britain. 13, Number 2. A4 Paperback. 109-122.
SDV241750Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 1998. Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Bound. 53.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336795Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 1998. Preliminary Assessment of Industrial Sites of Archaeological Importance in the Tamar Valley. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 58.
SDV340282Article in Serial: Syme Saunders, E. G.. 1936. Plymouth Silver. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 68. A5 Hardback. 299-302.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #94871 ]
SDV344159Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D.. 1991. HBMC Assessment of the Lead Industry. Manuscript.
SDV344160Monograph: Atkinson, B.. 1988. Mining Sites in Cornwall and South-west Devon. Unknown. 79.
SDV344161National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 437817. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV344692Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2009. South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, Devon: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall County Council Report. 2009R077. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8.
SDV345594Report - Watching Brief: Buck, C.. 2010. South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, Devon: Report on Building Conservation Works. Cornwall County Council Report. 2010R124. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV346287Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2001-2002. Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records. National Mapping Programme. Map (Digital). RAF/540/226/5291&92 1949.
SDV347326Report - non-specific: Gould, R.. 2009. South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, West Devon: A Report on the Results of a Desktop Study and a Surface Reconnaisance Inspection in Relation to Past Metalliferous Mining Activity. Frederick Sherrell Report. 3403. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8-9.
SDV356723Report - Survey: Devon County Council. 1970. Devon County Council, Mines and Quarries (Tips) Act 1969, Register of Disused Tips, Vol. 1. Devon County Council. Mixed Archive Material.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 28.
SDV81879Post-Graduate Thesis: Claughton, P. F.. 2003. Silver Mining in England and Wales, 1066-1500. University of Exeter Thesis. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV90317Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D.. 1991. The Lead Industry. English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Step 3 Site Assessments. A4 Unbound. Site 1A.

Associated Monuments

MDV77886Parent of: Agent's House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77902Parent of: Agent's House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77865Parent of: Boiler House Chimney Flue, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77866Parent of: Boiler House Chimney, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77901Parent of: Boiler House Chimney, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77863Parent of: Boiler House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77874Parent of: Coal Quay, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77875Parent of: Coal Tramway, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77894Parent of: Crop Dressing Floors, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77867Parent of: Engine Shaft, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77892Parent of: Grinder House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77887Parent of: Group of Mine Buildings, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77885Parent of: Incline Plane Shaft, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77889Parent of: Mine Workers' Houses (Monument)
MDV77896Parent of: Ore Store, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77891Parent of: Ore Tramway, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV61684Parent of: Pumping Engine House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77870Parent of: Reservoir Pond, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77868Parent of: Row of Mine Buildings, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77904Parent of: Sand Quay, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77897Parent of: Shipping Quay, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV62619Parent of: Stamping Mill at South Hooe Mine, Bere Ferrers (Monument)
MDV77895Parent of: Stamps and Shipping Tramway, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77899Parent of: Stamps Dressing Floor, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77900Parent of: Stamps Engine House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77898Parent of: Stamps Reservoir Pond, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77876Parent of: Store Room, Office and Counthouse, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77893Parent of: Water Wheel for Grinder House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77879Parent of: Winding Engine Boiler House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77883Parent of: Winding Engine Buildings, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77882Parent of: Winding Engine Chimney, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV77877Parent of: Winding Engine House, South Hooe Mine (Monument)
MDV5445Related to: MINE in the Parish of Bere Ferrers (Monument)
MDV64466Related to: SETTLEMENT in the Parish of Bere Ferrers (Monument)
MDV5442Related to: Tamar Smelting Works, Weirquay, Bere Ferrers (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4752 - Archaeological Assessment of South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, Devon
  • EDV4753 - Field Survey of South Hooe Mine, Bere Alston, Devon
  • EDV4944 - Watching Brief on Building Conservation Works at South Hooe Mine
  • EDV6911 - Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Apr 5 2019 11:09AM