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HER Number:MDV54461
Name:Clearance Cairns on Royal Hill, Lydford part of Dartmoor Forest


Possible clearance cairns on Royal Hill which may be natural scree or modern clearance


Grid Reference:SX 614 726
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/434

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CLEARANCE CAIRN (Unknown date)

Full description

RCHME, CITING HEMERY, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216950.

Widely spaced on the gentle slope between the e hollow of strane head and the sw shoulder of royal hill are several rows of boulders each terminating in a cluster or pile of small stones. In some cases these terminal stone clusters suggest the foundation outline of small rectangular buildings and the boulder rows, arranged rather than built, provide effective lines or barriers. These stone patterns are the relics of a plan of sir thomas tyrwhitt to parcel out the area into 7 smallholdings. Boulders, some bearing tare and feather marks, form bases of walls and gathered stones occur in small heaps on or beside tiny single storey cots. A stone platform on higher ground identified as a communal windstrew, is 27ft by 16ft, 3ft high with an internal platform 18ft by 10ft of tightly packed stones contained by a surround of boulders, both free and set. On high ground taken between the windstrew and royal hill are 2 concentric circles of stones, crudely laid rather than set, the diameter of the inner circle is 5ft 7ins (rchme, citing hemery).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV218892.

Hemery, e. /high dartmoor/(1983)342.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV218893.

Des=greeves, t. /dnp 6" survey of tor royal.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV218894.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV218895.

Des=probert, s. A. J. /(27/3/1989)/rchme field investigation.

National Monuments Record, 2010, Untitled Source (National Monuments Record Database). SDV214864.

Depicted on the dnp survey variously as modern stone lines, loose stone heaps, broken stone and pits and blasted stone. The windstrew and stone circles are described as a modern platform and a modern pile of stones respectively (dnp). Vis=27/3/1989 (rchme) groups of small stone piles, fragmentary boulder lines and evidence of stone cutters waste, are visible everywhere in the valley of strane head and on the summit area of royal hill. Vis=piles of gathered stone and also cutters waste lie at sx60957226, sx61197212 and sx61197288. Crude lines of large boulders on average c.10m long with associated small piles of stone are at sx61207207, sx61237204, sx61837162, sx61477246, sx61427257, sx61417264 and sx61627253. Many of the boulders bear drill splits or tare and feather marks especially the group set out in a rectangular shape at sx61057246. No building foundations or constructed walling was identified. Vis=the alleged windstrew at sx61417265 is almost certainly a stone dump, probably a pile of stone cutters waste material. It is trapezoidal in shape, 8.3m long, 3.9m to 4.8m wide and a maximum 0.6m high. Vis=the concentric stone circle at sx61507266 is now evident as a crude ring of boulders and stones approximately 4.5m across. It is almost certainly, as suggested by greeves, a stone clearance pile and the tenant says it was built by his sons (probert).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV214864National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV216950Migrated Record: RCHME, CITING HEMERY.
SDV218892Migrated Record:
SDV218893Migrated Record:
SDV218894Migrated Record:
SDV218895Migrated Record:

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Mar 11 2016 1:56PM