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HER Number:MDV5453
Name:The Great Barn, Buckland Abbey

Summary

Tithe barn built in the 15th century. Built of granite with a slate roof. It has a central threshing floor with opposing entrances on each side. One of the few surviving tithe barns in Devon.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 487 667
Map Sheet:SX46NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBuckland Monachorum
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND MONACHORUM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 437786
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX46NE/501/2
  • Old Listed Building Ref (I): 92636
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX46NE9
  • Tide Project: 10/07/2020

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TITHE BARN (Built, XV - 1401 AD to 1500 AD (Between))

Full description

Anonymous, 1927, Proceedings of the Congress of the British Archaeological Association at Exeter, 25 (Article in Serial). SDV35433.

Tithe barn at Buckland Abbey noted as being approximately 55 metres long.

Sheldon, L., 1932, Devon Barns, 395 (Article in Serial). SDV116684.

Buckland Abbey ranks well with other English tithe barns. Built of stone with handsome stone buttresses. Large stone porch with corner buttresses, the entrance to which is by a high wide doorway, with pointed arch composed of well-moulded stonework. Small four-sided louvre perched on roof just behind gable, probably a later addition. Near each end of the barn is a small arched doorway. Owned by the National Trust.

Ministry of Works, 1950, Buckland Abbey (Schedule Document). SDV344043.

The visible Medieval remains at Buckland Abbey includes the fine 16th century tithe barn with a row of outbuildings adjoining. Other details: Monument 246.

Knowles, D. + St. Joseph, J. K., 1952, Monastic Sites from the Air, 146-7 (Monograph). SDV241952.

Visible on aerial photograph taken from north.

Copeland, G. W., 1953, Some Problems of Buckland Abbey, 50-1 (Article in Serial). SDV242009.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX46NE9 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346288.

Tithe Barn at Buckland Abbey.

Alcock, N. W., 1981, Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342504.

Jointed cruck recorded at outer barn.

Barber, B., 1984, Buckland Abbey (Undergraduate Dissertation). SDV242021.

Timms, S. C., 1984, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV346290.

A survey of the tithe barn has been undertaken by students of Plymouth Polytechnic School of Architecture.

Pye, A., 1985, Archive Report on the September 1984 Excavations at Buckland Abbey, West Devon (Report - non-specific). SDV242008.

One of the few surviving buildings of the 15th century monastic complex.

Gaskell-Brown, C., 1986 - 1987, Buckland Abbey, Devon, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV242027.

The Tithe Barn is one of two substantially complete buildings surviving from the desmesne farm, the other being the 'Guest House'. The Tithe Barn is 46 metres long, larger than the church. It has an arch-braced roof of 15th century type. The opposing central porches have dovecotes in the upper floors. Three additional doors were added circ 1794 at the instigation of William Marshall, the agricultural writer.

Devon Religious Houses Survey, 1986/87, Devon Religious Houses Survey 1986/87. Preliminary Assessment Form. Buckland (Un-published). SDV358417.

The Grade I listed tithe barn is said to retain its original roof.

Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N., 1989, The Buildings of England: Devon, 229 (Monograph). SDV325629.

Gibbons, P., 1994, 134699 (Un-published). SDV241967.

Some 20 metres to the east of the church stands the monastic (great) barn, a complete, free-standing rectangular structure of early 14th century date, with some later modifications, measuring 50 metres by 19 metres overall. It is buttressed all around, has slit windows splayed internally with rounded arches, and a wooden roof of twenty bays, now slate covered. In the centres of its longest sides there are substantial external porches, with doors set in large pointed arches in moulded stone matching those of the church. Both porches have an upper floor.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 1998, Buckland Abbey (Schedule Document). SDV344044.

Buckland Abbey includes the upstanding and buried remains in occupation from circa 1278 until 1539. The visible remains exist as a number of adapted structures including a barn. Some 20 metres to the east of the church stands the monastic Great Barn, a complete, free-standing rectangular structure of early 14th century date, with some later modifications, measuring 50 metres by 19 metres overall. It is buttressed all around, has slit windows splayed internally with rounded arches, and a wooden roof of 20 bays, now slate covered. In the centres of its longest sides there are substantial external porches, with doors set in large pointed arches in moulded stone matching those of the church. Both porches have an upper floor. The Great Barn is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included. Other details: Monument 24846.

Nicholas Pearson Associates, 2001, Buckland Abbey: Historic Survey and Restoration Plan, App. 2.19 (Report - Survey). SDV241983.

Early 14th century. The barn was modified circa 1800.

National Monuments Record, 2011, 437786 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV346289.

The visible remains at Buckland Abbey exist as a number of adapted structures, consisting of substantial parts of the abbey church incorporated into a later mansion, part of the cloister, a barn, a farm building (guesthouse), part of the abbot's lodgings incorporated into a later structure, part of the precinct wall, and two main areas of earthworks.

English Heritage, 2011, Historic Houses Register (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV346128.

Tithe Barn directly to the east of Buckland Abbey was Listed on 14th June 1952. 15th century tithe barn with granite rubble walls and granite dressings. Gable ended scantle slate roof. Long rectangular plan of 20 bays with central threshing floor which has opposing porches on each side. Single storey. Regular front with 9 buttresses granite ashlar to either side of tall gabled porch which has a similar buttress at either side and a large 4 centred granite arched doorway with double-chamfered arch at the front. The buttresses to either side of porch are close-set with ventilation slits set alternately between buttresses. To left and right of porch is smaller 4-centred arched granite doorway, the left-hand of which is now blocked. To the left of the porch the barn has a chamfered plinth where the ground slopes Similar rear elevation with central porch and buttresses; at either end on rear wall is an inserted doorway with stone arch. Interior: chamfered granite arches to front and rear porches. Original roof of 20 bays survives complete although probably restored somewhat of raised crucks with arch-braced collars, morticed apex and threaded purlins. As one of the few remaining monastic tithe barns in Devon this building is a very important survival. Other details: LBS Number 92636.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV116684Article in Serial: Sheldon, L.. 1932. Devon Barns. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. A5 Hardback. 395.
SDV241952Monograph: Knowles, D. + St. Joseph, J. K.. 1952. Monastic Sites from the Air. Monastic Sites from the Air. Unknown. 146-7.
SDV241967Un-published: Gibbons, P.. 1994. 134699. Monument Protection Programme. Not applicable. Unknown.
SDV241983Report - Survey: Nicholas Pearson Associates. 2001. Buckland Abbey: Historic Survey and Restoration Plan. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound + Digital. App. 2.19.
SDV242008Report - non-specific: Pye, A.. 1985. Archive Report on the September 1984 Excavations at Buckland Abbey, West Devon. Typescript.
SDV242009Article in Serial: Copeland, G. W.. 1953. Some Problems of Buckland Abbey. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 85. A5 Hardback. 50-1.
SDV242021Undergraduate Dissertation: Barber, B.. 1984. Buckland Abbey. University of York Dissertation. Unknown.
SDV242027Report - Survey: Gaskell-Brown, C.. 1986 - 1987. Buckland Abbey, Devon. Devon Religious Houses Survey. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV325629Monograph: Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N.. 1989. The Buildings of England: Devon. The Buildings of England: Devon. Hardback Volume. 229.
SDV342504Report - non-specific: Alcock, N. W.. 1981. Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. 42. Photocopy. 109.
SDV344043Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. 1950. Buckland Abbey. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV344044Schedule Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 1998. Buckland Abbey. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV346128List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: English Heritage. 2011. Historic Houses Register. Historic Houses Register. Website. [Mapped feature: #94912 ]
SDV346288Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX46NE9. OSAD Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV346289National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2011. 437786. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV346290Personal Comment: Timms, S. C.. 1984.
SDV35433Article in Serial: Anonymous. 1927. Proceedings of the Congress of the British Archaeological Association at Exeter. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 33. Unknown. 25.
SDV358417Un-published: Devon Religious Houses Survey. 1986/87. Devon Religious Houses Survey 1986/87. Preliminary Assessment Form. Buckland. Devon Religious Houses Survey. A4 Stapled + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV5451Part of: Buckland Abbey (Monument)
MDV61875Related to: Home Farm at Buckland Abbey (Monument)
MDV67190Related to: Linhay at Buckland Abbey (Building)
MDV53042Related to: Precinct wall at Buckland Abbey (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 16 2020 12:28PM