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HER Number:MDV5458
Name:Virtuous Lady Mine

Summary

Virtuous Lady Mine apparently named in honour of Elizabeth I. Worked from 1588 to 1807; reopened in the 1830s before finally closing in the 1870s.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 474 696
Map Sheet:SX46NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBuckland Monachorum
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND MONACHORUM

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of the Virtuous Lady Mine, Lady Bertha Mine and Walkham United Mine, Roborough Down, including the mine leat

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX46NE/502
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV148.

V2 virtuous. Plan r 80 b. M. R. O. Copper. "virtuous lady mine (disused)" shown on 1982 os 10000 map (os).


NMR, CITING HARRIS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241875.

Virtuous lady mine apparently named in honour of elizabeth i. Worked from 1588 to 1807; reopened in 1830s before finally closing in 1870s. Copper extraction was certainly greater in the later period - 4000 tons produced annually in mid 19c. Considerable above-ground remains are extant (nmr, citing harris).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241876.

Ramsden, j. V. /tda/84(1952)100 fig.1/notes on the mines of devonshire.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241877.

H. M. Stationery office/abandoned mines/(1929).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241878.

Crossing, w. /guide to dartmoor/(1909).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241879.

Lysons, d. /history of devonshire/(1822).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241880.

Collins, j. H. /mineralogy cornwall and devon/(1895).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241881.

Williams, j. /cornwall and devon mining industry/(1861).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241882.

Spargo, t. /mines of cornwall and devon/(1864).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241883.

Collins, j. H. /observations on west of england mining district/(1912).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241884.

Hunt, r. /mineral statistics/(1870-1872).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241885.

Williams, j. /cornwall and devon mining directory/(1862).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241886.

Spargo, t. /mines of cornwall and devon/(1866).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241887.

Des=os 6" (1907)111ne.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241888.

Nmr=sx46ne35.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241889.

Harris, h,/industrial archaeology of dartmoor/(1986)60.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241890.

Des=greeves, t. /an assessment of copper mining in devon(copper, brass, tin)/(1991)13+1/in tavistock hamlets pf.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV241891.

Richardson, p. H. G. /british mining/44(1992)139/mines of dartmoor and the tamar valley after 1913.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Virtuous Lady Mine (Copper disused)' is marked.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Virtuous Lady Mine (Copper disused)' is marked.


Hedley, L. and Cranstone, D., 1995, Monuments Protection Programme, Zink, Copper, Minor Metals, Step Three: The Copper Industry, Introduction to Step 3 Assessments, 2, 3, 5, 6, 18 (Report - non-specific). SDV357718.

3. Virtuous Lady Mine SX 474 698.
Definite national importance.
Mine; capstan setting- A circular platform, for manually-operated capstan to wind equipment up and down a shaft, well-preserved examples retain a rope trench from the centre to the shaft, where this is not visible, the feature is hard to distinguish from a whim circle, 18th-early 20th century, moderately rare, well preserved examples are of high importance, entry- no modification. Ore works; buddle, flat- no modification, spalling floor-medieval-late 19th century (most late examples confined to the smaller mines), copper or processing is appreciably under-studied and given the relative rarity of spalling floors nationally all well-preserved examples should be considered of moderate importance.


Rendell, P., 1996, Exploring the Lower Walkham Valley (Monograph). SDV361766.


Andrew Brown, 1998, Monuments Protection Programme The Non-Ferrous Metals (Tin, Copper, Arsenic and Minor Metals) Industries: Appendix III, Step 4 Report (Report - non-specific). SDV357940.

16th-18th century mine and ore works illustrating an unusual uncentralised and unmechanised layout fully representative of its period but poorly understood at present.

Largely earthwork site and vulnerable chiefly to root disturbance. Buildings unsuited to adaptation, and inaccessibility weighs against potential for public enjoyment and education. Currently known interest is adequately safeguarded under existing regime.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

'Virtuous Lady Mine (disused)' is marked.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV148Migrated Record:
SDV241875Migrated Record: NMR, CITING HARRIS.
SDV241876Migrated Record:
SDV241877Migrated Record:
SDV241878Migrated Record:
SDV241879Migrated Record:
SDV241880Migrated Record:
SDV241881Migrated Record:
SDV241882Migrated Record:
SDV241883Migrated Record:
SDV241884Migrated Record:
SDV241885Migrated Record:
SDV241886Migrated Record:
SDV241887Migrated Record:
SDV241888Migrated Record:
SDV241889Migrated Record:
SDV241890Migrated Record:
SDV241891Migrated Record:
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped features: #34418 ; #94923 ]
SDV357718Report - non-specific: Hedley, L. and Cranstone, D.. 1995. Monuments Protection Programme, Zink, Copper, Minor Metals, Step Three: The Copper Industry, Introduction to Step 3 Assessments. English Heritage. A4 Bound. 2, 3, 5, 6, 18.
SDV357940Report - non-specific: Andrew Brown. 1998. Monuments Protection Programme The Non-Ferrous Metals (Tin, Copper, Arsenic and Minor Metals) Industries: Appendix III, Step 4 Report. Monument Protection Programme. A4 Unbound.
SDV361766Monograph: Rendell, P.. 1996. Exploring the Lower Walkham Valley. Exploring the Lower Walkham Valley. A5 Paperback.

Associated Monuments

MDV79905Related to: Leat to Virtuous Lady and Lady Bertha Mines, Buckland Monachorum (Monument)
MDV52880Related to: Shaft at Wheal Bedford Mine, Tavistock (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Apr 10 2019 10:44AM