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HER Number:MDV54590
Name:Wheal Caroline Mine Leat

Summary

Remains of a 19th century or earlier leat which was a branch of the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine leat and supplied a waterwheel at Wheal Caroline.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 665 810
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/335
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (Constructed, XVIII to XIX - 1701 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Newman, P., 10/12/1992, Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV352719.

Site visit 10th December 1992. The leat is depicted on Ordnance Survey maps but is incorrectly annotated as a drain.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Leat depicted. Map object based on this source.


Robins, J., 1984, Follow the Leat (Monograph). SDV352718.

SX66268109 to SX66828086. A dry silted leat channel, formerly a branch of the birch tor and vitifer mine leat. It can be traced from its initial junction 520 metres east of the Merripit outer enclosure wall, to a reservoir on the south-west slope of Water Hill, 270 metres north of Statts Bridge, between 445 metre to 430 metre OD. The leat consists of a well defined channel with almost vertical sides which has an average width of 2 metres and a depth of 0.8 metres. There is an upcast bank on the downslope side which measures 2.6 metres wide by 0.5 metres high. It was created to supply a waterwheel at SX66848083, which is part of the Wheal Caroline mine.


The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit, 1985, The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV340940.

Leat visible running west to join the Birch tor and Vitifer Mine Leat.


English Heritage, 2005, Leats Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV347529.

Leat recorded.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap, 916213 (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2013, Pastscape (Website). SDV352645.

Remains of a 19th century or earlier leat which was a branch of the Birch Tor and Vitifer Mine leat and supplied a waterwheel at Wheal Caroline. An archaeological field survey in 1990 recorded that the leat could be traced from its initial junction 520 metres east of the Merripit outer enclosure wall, to a reservoir on the southwest slope of Water Hill, 270 metres north of Statts Bridge. The leat comprised of a well defined channel with almost vertical sides, with an average width of 2 metres and depth of 0.8 metres. An upcast bank on the downslope side measured 2.6 metres wide by 0.5 metres high. A small granite footbridge over the leat survives intact 10 metres northwest of the Caroline Farm enclosure. It comprises four slabs of approximately 2 metres in length, placed side by side spanning the leat. The combined width of the slabs is 2.5 metres. NMR No. SX 68 SE 186. Record last updated: 2008.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV340940Interpretation: The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit. 1985. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. Map (Paper).
SDV347529Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Leats Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. 916213.
SDV352645Website: English Heritage. 2013. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV352718Monograph: Robins, J.. 1984. Follow the Leat. Follow the Leat. Unknown.
SDV352719Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 10/12/1992. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV6548Part of: Wheal Caroline Mine, Water Hill, (Monument)
MDV105344Related to: Aqueduct 220 metres north of B3212 to east of Warren House Inn (Monument)
MDV105305Related to: Wheelpit 270 metres north of Statts Bridge (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 5 2015 12:03PM