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HER Number:MDV54593
Name:Vast open cut on Water Hill

Summary

Vis=10/12/1992 (newman) centred sx67438090. An area of intensive opencast lode tinworking covers approximately 19ha on the lower s-facing slope of water hill and is bounded to the se by walla brook headwaters. The openworks are depicted on os maps but not described.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 675 808
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/337
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • OPEN CUT (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Newman,, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV141348.

Vis=10/12/1992 (newman) centred sx67438090. An area of intensive opencast lode tinworking covers approximately 19ha on the lower s-facing slope of water hill and is bounded to the se by walla brook headwaters. The openworks are depicted on os maps but not described.


SX67408070 TO SX67508075; TO SX67408070 TO SX67518075; SX67348080 TO SX67528085, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV275557.

The evidence consists primarily of 7 openworks, divisible into 4 separate elements, each with associated secondary features. Openwork dimensions vary between 4m to 45m wide with depths from 2m to 25m. Associated with this system of workings are 4 cresentic reservoirs a sx67328096, sx67308110, sx67358095 and sx67528089 each consisting of a turf-covered upcast bank, the digging of which created a shallow hollow. Dimensions of the banks are 15m to 23m long by an average of 4.5m wide and 1.0m high, with sluice openings of 0.7m. The reservoir at sx67328096 has vertical granite slabs lining the sluice. Scarps to the rear of the hollow, have a drop of up to 1.5m. Distribution channels have survived at 3 of the reservoirs leading from the sluice into the openworks. These are on average 1.2m wide by 0.8m deep. Water would have been supplied to the workings from statts brook by 3 separate leats. Tin prospecting pits are scattered over much the working area with a particular concentration at sx67298107. The 19c birch tor and vitifer mine leat, was constructed through the working area, intersecting 2 of the openworks at sx67358061, sx67388067 where stout embankments have been built to convey them across. An embankment has also been constructed along the n edge of third working to carry the leat between sx67408070 and sx6758089. A second leat crosses 2 of the openworks via embankments at sx67408057 and sx67438065. Sx67268067 to sx67408056 and sx67278074 to sx67458063. Two linear openworks orientated approximately nw-se, extending from the south of west cottages enclosure to the walla brook alluvial area. The lower ends of the workings, adjacent to the walla brook are shallower and merge into the valley floor streamworks. A derelict dry-stone wall of a later date runs nne along the interior of the w openwork between sx67408057 and sx67288066. Centred sx67478079 180m s of the warren house inn. A complex of at least 4 individual openworks, from several phases of activity, which survive as a confusion of interconnecting gullies. Three of these (sx67408070 to sx67508075; to sx67408070 to sx67518075; sx67348080 to sx67528085) follow an approximately e-w orientation while a fourth (sx67438093 - sx67588080) is orientated approximately nw-se.


SX67548107, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV275558.

Sx67328090 to sx67408092 and sx67368096 to sx67438096. Two curved openworks which have now become isolated from the main working area by the construction of the b3212 and the warren house inn. They are likely to originally have been part of the same openwork and both connected to another, 20m s of the road at sx67438093. Sx67358112 to sx67508109. A linear openwork following an approximately e-w orientation from king's oven bungalow (sx67548107) (newman).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV275559.

Nmr=sx68se188.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV275560.

Des=newman, p. /(10/12/1992)/rchme field investigation.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV275561.

Des=greeves, t. /an assessment of dartmoor tin working/(1990)22/in smr.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Migrated Record: Newman,.
  • Migrated Record: SX67408070 TO SX67508075; TO SX67408070 TO SX67518075; SX67348080 TO SX67528085.
  • Migrated Record: SX67548107.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7139 - Headland Warren Survey (Ref: A1/20/2001)

Date Last Edited:Sep 8 2016 10:50AM