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HER Number:MDV54615
Name:Farmstead, Lyford part ofDartmoor Forest

Summary

Site of a possible farmstead the remains of what was probably the ancient tenement of Warner Lie on the right bank of the Walla Brook

Location

Grid Reference:SX 671 803
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/355

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Early Medieval to XXI - 1066 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Simpson, W., 1786, Written survey of the Forest of Dartmoor (Report - Survey). SDV258095.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Not visible on historic mapping.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 473 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Probert, S. A. J., 1992, Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation, 6th November 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV348197.

The remains of what was probably the ancient tenement of Warner lie on the right bank of the Walla Brook 400 metres south-east of Statts Bridge. The tenement covered an area of which are approximately 20 ectares, and comprises a multitude of earth and stone banks, which are between 1.6 and 2.5 metres wide and up to 1.7 metres high. Only 2 enclosures of 1 hectare and 0.8 hectares and an embanked trackway (probably a droveway) remain relatively intact. The other features have been severely disturbed and it is not possible to determine their original plan. The better preserved enclosures at the south-west end of the area posses 1.2 hectares of ridge and furrow. The ridges measure 2.8 metres wide and are a maximum 0.2 metres high.
There is no trace of any contemporary habitation. The structure known as `Walna Buildings' would appear to be of relatively late date.
By 1818 (see duchy of cornwall) the area's status had reverted to that of customary freehold, a title exclusive to ancient tenements within the former royal forest. It was held by Richard Willis.
Agricultural activities seem to have been abandoned in this area during the search for tin. Many of the field boundaries in the n part of holding were destroyed and others adapted as water channels for the industry. A second phase of enclosure, occupying an area of about 36ha, overlies the earlier tenement and is marked on the ground by drystone walls and revetted banks up to 2.5m wide and 1.4m high. The boundary was formed by the walla brook on the e and walls roughly parallel to statts brook and the present b3212 on the w + n. Its core was apparently `newhouse', a group of buildings at approximately sx67458091, se of the warren house inn. All trace of these has now been effaced. A small field at the extreme s end of this later enclosure contains lazy beds 2m wide and 0.15m high. This re-enclosure had occurred by 1786 (see duchy of cornwall) as simpson's written survey states that william tapper held 3 newtakes and newhouse' within the e quarter of the dartmoor forest. Undated and unsigned map of the forest of dartmoor, probably from the late 18c, shows a similar triangular area marked `vitifer newtake'. The depiction of `vitifer mine' in the s corner of this enclosure is inexplicable as there is no evidence of later mining activity in that area.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Statts Bridge Sousons (Un-published). SDV352501.

Statts Bridge Sousons deserted farmstead site.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, 919948, SX68SE/211 (Website). SDV359354.

The remains of what was probably the Ancient Tenement of Warner lie on the right bank of the Walla Brook
A second phase of enclosure, occupying an area of about 36 hectares, overlies the earlier tenement and is marked on the ground by drystone walls and revetted banks up to 2.5 metres wide and 1.4 metres high. The boundary was formed by the Walla Brook on the east and walls roughly parallel to Statts Brook and the present B 3212 on the west and north. Its core was apparently `Newhouse', a group of buildings at approximately SX 67458091, south-east of the Warren House Inn. All trace of these has now been effaced. A small field at the extreme southern end of this later enclosure contains lazy beds 2.0m wide and 0.15m high. This re-enclosure had occurred by 1786 (Duchy of Cornwall 1786) as Simpson's written survey states that William Tapper held three Newtakes and Newhouse' within the East Quarter of the Dartmoor Forest. undated and unsigned map of the Forest of Dartmoor, probably from the late 18th century, shows a similar triangular area marked `Vitifer Newtake'. The depiction of `Vitifer Mine' in the southern corner of this enclosure is inexplicable as there is no evidence of later mining activity in that area.
By 1818 (Duchy of Cornwall 1818) the area's status had reverted to that of customary freehold, a title exclusive to Ancient Tenements within the former Royal Forest. It was held by Richard Willis.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV258095Report - Survey: Simpson, W.. 1786. Written survey of the Forest of Dartmoor.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 473.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV348197Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 1992. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown. 6th November 1992.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Statts Bridge Sousons.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 919948, SX68SE/211.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 11 2016 2:59PM