HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV5467
Name:George and Charlotte Mine

Summary

George and Charlotte Copper Mine, depicted on historic maps and visible as a series of earthwork features on aerial photographs. These earthworks were mapped as part of the Tamar Valley NMP project. Surface evidence includes a number of shafts and adits, two large water wheel pits and remains of mine buildings.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 454 698
Map Sheet:SX46NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Remains of post-medieval George and Charlotte Cooper Mine, including shaft and adit, east of Maddacleave Wood
  • SHINE: Remains of post-medieval George and Charlotte Cooper Mine, including shaft and adit, east of Maddacleave Wood

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX46NE/510
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVIII to XIX - 1701 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Lysons, D. + Lysons, S., 1822, Magna Britannica (Monograph). SDV323771.


Ordnance Survey, 1884, Untitled Source (Cartographic). SDV336661.

Shown as disused on 1884 map, two main buildings shown. Position of two easterly shafts visible, though overgrown apparently.


Collins, J. H., 1895, Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon (Monograph). SDV242421.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Map shows areas of quarrying and drains, the north-easterly building is shown and the position of two shafts is clear.


Bawden, M., 1914, Mines and Mining in the Tavistock Mining District, 256 (Article in Serial). SDV345748.


H. M. Stationary Office, 1929, Abandoned Mines (Monograph). SDV215700.


Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 95 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

G5 George and Charlotte. Copper. Other details: Figure 1.


Ordnance Survey, 1953, Untitled Source (Cartographic). SDV242410.

Modern 25 inch map has details as on earlier 25 inch map but one of the shafts (Emily's) is more clearly shown. 'Old Level' also shown.


Dines, H. G., 1956, The Metalliferous Mining Region of South West England, 676-677 (Monograph). SDV62852.

Worked by 3 adits and 6 shafts, main one called Leys. Technical geological details given.


Booker, F., 1971, Untitled Source, 140-1 (Monograph). SDV345749.

Named after 6th Duke of Bedford and his wife. Produced 16,600 tons of copper between 1851-1868 but made large loss.


Gaskell-Brown, C., 1980, Untitled Source, 37 (Monograph). SDV242404.

A leat taking its water from the Tavistock Canal served the George and Charlotte mine in the 19th century. Sections still visible above New Quay.


Weddell, P. J., 1984, George and Charlotte Mine (Worksheet). SDV345750.

Worksheet has more details, and copy of relevant area of 1906 map showing position of individual shafts.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2001-2002, Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records (Interpretation). SDV346287.

An earthwork ditch has been interpreted as a post-medieval trackway.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2001-2002, Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records, RAF 540/483/F20/4241-3 (Interpretation). SDV346287.

Earthworks of two spoil-heaps and bank, and earthwork cut features of a shaft and quarry are visible on aerial photographs. The features have been interpreted as being of post-medieval date.


Devon County Council, 2004, Devon County Geological Sites: George and Charlotte Mine (Report - Assessment). SDV345715.

George and Charlotte mine is the only preserved mine in the Tamar Valley, and as well as providing safe opportunities for scientific study underground, it is unique in that managed public access is promoted. Crucially, the lode worked has an unusual sequence of formation, and has yielded a number of rare minerals including the largest known crystals of childrenite in the world.


Buck, C., 2010, George & Charlotte Mine, Morwell, Devon: Archaeological Assessment, 15-18 (Report - Assessment). SDV345606.

The George and Charlotte sett, sited between Sheepridge Wood and Maddacleave Wood is mentioned as Providence Mine in the 18th century, in a document dated to 1718. A mine is also shown on this site by an old Bedford Estate map dated to 1766. George and Charlotte Mine is first mentioned in documentary sources from 1775, and is recorded as being purchased in 1806 by the Tavistock Canal Company, however it was still not working by 1815. At the end of 1846 the old 18th century workings were reopened and amalgamated into the George and Charlotte Mining Company, then in 1851 they were amalgamated with William and Mary Mine under the Devon and Cornwall United Mines. By 1868 the mine had closed down, the peak production being between 1862 to 1867, but was reopened again from 1869 to 1871. In the late 20th century a new access near River Tamar level close to Footway Shaft was created, to utilise an old mine adit (Deep Adit) to provide an underground narrow guage railway for visitors to Morwellham Quay. Other details: Maps and photographs. Map object based on this Source.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object based on this Source.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2016, Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey (Personal Comment). SDV359374.

The features appended to this record have a number of individual NMP database records, although all are likely associated with the George and Charlotte Mine. A number of these features are depicted on historic maps and have their own Child records. These Child records have not, however, been individually amended. There also appears to be some discrepancy in accuracy of features mapped during this survey with those that are shown on the modern Ordnance Survey mapping, for example, earthworks associated with Emily shaft (MDV78730). This error is likely due to the scale of base map used during the NMP rectification process. Only part of the photo reference is given in the transcription attributes, so the date of the photographs is not known.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2016, Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey (Personal Comment). SDV359374.

This earthwork was originally grouped with other features to the south which were clearly associated with New Quay. It seems that this earthwork is, however, more likely part of either George and Charlotte Mine (MDV5467), into which it has now been subsumed, or Tavistock canal leat (MDV19388). Only part of the photo reference is given in the transcription attributes, so the date of the photographs is not known.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 181-2, fig 6.33, 6.37 (Monograph). SDV361789.

Wheal George and Charlotte
The Tavistock Canal Company showed an interest in acquiring this mine as early as 1804 and had purchased it (for £6000) by 1806. Several references in the Company's accounts for expenditure on the mine between 1806-15. Waterhouse discusses relevant features of the mine.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV215700Monograph: H. M. Stationary Office. 1929. Abandoned Mines. Abandoned Mines. Unknown.
SDV242404Monograph: Gaskell-Brown, C.. 1980. New Quay Devon. An Archaeological and Historical Survey. Unknown. 37.
SDV242410Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1953. Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV242421Monograph: Collins, J. H.. 1895. Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. Unknown.
SDV323771Monograph: Lysons, D. + Lysons, S.. 1822. Magna Britannica. Magna Britannica: A Concise Topographical Account of The Several Counties o. 6: Devonshire. Unknown.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336661Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1884. First Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345606Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2010. George & Charlotte Mine, Morwell, Devon: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall County Council Report. 2010R122. A4 Stapled + Digital. 15-18.
SDV345715Report - Assessment: Devon County Council. 2004. Devon County Geological Sites: George and Charlotte Mine. Devon County Council Report. A4 Stapled.
SDV345748Article in Serial: Bawden, M.. 1914. Mines and Mining in the Tavistock Mining District. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 46. A5 Hardback. 256.
SDV345749Monograph: Booker, F.. 1971. The Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. Hardback Volume. 140-1.
SDV345750Worksheet: Weddell, P. J.. 1984. George and Charlotte Mine. Devon County Sites and Monuments Register. Worksheet.
SDV346287Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2001-2002. Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records. National Mapping Programme. Map (Digital). RAF 540/483/F20/4241-3.
SDV359374Personal Comment: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2016. Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey. Not Applicable.
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 181-2, fig 6.33, 6.37.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 95.
SDV62852Monograph: Dines, H. G.. 1956. The Metalliferous Mining Region of South West England. The metalliferous mining region of South West England. Vol 2. Unknown. 676-677.

Associated Monuments

MDV78726Parent of: Air Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78698Parent of: Balance Bob Housing and Mountings, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78678Parent of: Balance Bob Pit in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78686Parent of: Balance Bob Pit near Middle Adit Portal, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78738Parent of: Braithwaite Header Tank, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78704Parent of: Building at Lower Dressing Floor, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78727Parent of: Crosscourse Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78734Parent of: Deep Adit, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78730Parent of: Emily Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78696Parent of: Engine Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78735Parent of: Footway Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78680Parent of: Header Pond in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78695Parent of: Header Pond, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78685Parent of: Higher Dressing Floor, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78681Parent of: Leat in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78681Related to: Leat in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV22888Parent of: Ley's Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78725Parent of: Lode Back Openworks, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78703Parent of: Lower Dressing Floor, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78683Parent of: Middle Adit, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78690Parent of: Mine Building, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78723Parent of: Mine Building, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV37385Parent of: Mine Captain's House, George and Charlotte Mine (Building)
MDV78737Parent of: New Quay Trial Adit Portal, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78737Related to: New Quay Trial Adit Portal, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78689Parent of: Possible Carpenter's Shop, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78722Parent of: Possible Miners' Dry, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78729Parent of: Possible Shaft in Maddacleave Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78708Parent of: Powder House at George and Charlotte Mine, Gulworthy (Building)
MDV78687Parent of: Powder House, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78706Parent of: Processed Waste Dumps, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78736Parent of: Pump Drain Lobby, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78736Related to: Pump Drain Lobby, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78728Parent of: Shaft in Maddacleave Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78724Parent of: Shallow Adit, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV124299Parent of: Site of third water engine in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV78688Parent of: Small Building, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78682Parent of: Tail Race, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78682Related to: Tail Race, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78740Parent of: Underground Railway, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78740Related to: Underground Railway, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78707Parent of: Unprocessed Mine Waste Dump, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78677Parent of: Wheel Pit in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV78691Parent of: Wheel Pit, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78705Parent of: Whim Shaft, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78693Parent of: Winding Drum Pit, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV19388Related to: Leat from Tavistock Canal, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV78681Parent of: Leat in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78681Related to: Leat in Sheepridge Wood, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78702Related to: Mine Track, George and Charlotte Mine to New Quay (Monument)
MDV78701Related to: Mine Track, Morwellham to New Quay (Monument)
MDV78737Parent of: New Quay Trial Adit Portal, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78737Related to: New Quay Trial Adit Portal, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78736Parent of: Pump Drain Lobby, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78736Related to: Pump Drain Lobby, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78682Parent of: Tail Race, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78682Related to: Tail Race, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV123232Related to: Tavistock Canal, Main record (Monument)
MDV78740Parent of: Underground Railway, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV78740Related to: Underground Railway, George and Charlotte Mine (Monument)
MDV22889Related to: William and Mary Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4945 - Archaeological Assessment of George & Charlotte Mine, Morwell, Devon
  • EDV4946 - Field Survey of George & Charlotte Mine, Morwell, Devon
  • EDV4951 - Geological Assessment of George and Charlotte Mine, Gulworthy, Devon
  • EDV6911 - Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Nov 8 2018 9:53AM