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HER Number:MDV54745
Name:Evidence of medieval occupation at 28 Market Street


An evaluation of the site prior to development uncovered evidence of occupation on the site between 1200 and 1500 although the first proven evidence of a building here dated to the 16/17th century. Structural remains of an 18/19th century house on the site of 28 Market Street were also plotted.


Grid Reference:SX 735 661
Map Sheet:SX76NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckfastleigh
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NW/105/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BUILDING (First mentioned, XII to XVII - 1200 AD to 1699 AD (Between))

Full description

Weddell, P. J., 1991, An Archaeological Assessment of land at Market Street, Buckfastleigh (Report - Assessment). SDV297951.

Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D., 1992, Archaeological evaluation at Market Street, Buckfastleigh, 2-3 (Report - Evaluation). SDV296336.

Evaluation in area of 28-32 Market Street (vacant in 1992). The property at Number 28 had been demolished around 20 years before, but up until recently the area to the rear was occupied by a listed mid-19th century building.
Excavation of the street frontage at 28 Market Street revealed heavy terracing and truncation by drains. A small quantity of residual medieval pottery sherds suggested possible occupation between approximately 1200 and 1500 AD, although no deposits of this date survived. The earliest surviving deposit was a layer of clay, probably make-up for a floor. This was cut by all the structural features recorded on the site. It produced only one sherd of post-1500 pottery, but perhaps indicates the presence of a 16th/17th century building in the southern part of the site. The structural remains date from the 18th and 19th century, with a northern building (a) which had been extended to the rear on two occasions, and a southern building (b) separated from the northern by a passageway. Building b was slightly narrower than a, and appears to have been sub-divided into small units.
Contemporary with the main houses was an exterior cobbled area at the rear of the property at the north of the site. This area was subsequently cut by a well. Both features were built over during construction of the mill-workers' house in the early-mid 19th century.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV296336Report - Evaluation: Reed, S. J. + Turton, S. D.. 1992. Archaeological evaluation at Market Street, Buckfastleigh. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.06. A4 stapled + Digital. 2-3.
SDV297951Report - Assessment: Weddell, P. J.. 1991. An Archaeological Assessment of land at Market Street, Buckfastleigh. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 91.60. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #94966 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV80110Related to: 26-27 Market Street, Buckfastleigh (Building)
MDV43537Related to: Area of medieval tenements, Market Street (Monument)
MDV54746Related to: Medieval tenement boundaries, Market Street (Monument)
MDV43538Related to: Post-medieval houses, Market Street (Building)
MDV22941Related to: Site of mill-worker's house, rear of Market Street (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5083 - Assessment at Market Street, Buckfastleigh
  • EDV5084 - Evaluation at Market Street, Buckfastleigh

Date Last Edited:May 16 2016 9:53AM