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HER Number:MDV54859
Name:Ruined building in western Hortonsford Bottom, Cornwood

Summary

A ruined rectangular building located with the large area of tin streamworks that occupy Hortonsford Bottom (MDV28302), is a possible tinners’ building, or lodge, for which a post-medieval date may be assumed, though possibly earlier. The walls are constructed from mostly flat granite slabs, standing to a maximum height of 1.1 metres. The dimensions are approximately 4.0 metres by 2.4 metres and the 1.2 metre-wide entrance opening is set at the eastern end of the southern long wall.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 623 659
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66NW29
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/34

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TINNERS HUT (Constructed, Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Building shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX66NW29, SXNW29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV144519.

(1/9/1978). In the midst of an area of tin streaming is a building constructed of horizontally laid granite slabs with a clay mortar. It is set in an east-west direction and measures internally 2 metres by 3.5 metres with an entrance gap 1 metre wide at the south-east corner. The walling has a maximum height of 1.2 metres and, externally, has stones piled around to a height of 1 metre and width of 2 metres. The fireplace is not now recognisable.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

There is no wheelpit or adjacent leat and the date and purpose of the building is rather obscure although the neatly laid masonry suggests a post medieval structure.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Feature clearly visible on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Building shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 45 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A ruined rectangular building located within the large area of tin streamworks that occupy Hortonsford Bottom (MDV28302), is a possible tinners’ building, or lodge, for which a post-medieval date may be assumed, though possibly earlier. The walls are constructed from mostly flat granite slabs, standing to a maximum height of 1.1 metres. The dimensions are approximately 4.0 metres by 2.4 metres and the 1.2 metre-wide entrance opening is set at the eastern end of the southern long wall.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(08/02/2020) Higher upslope, towards the south-western end of the Hortons Brook, within the streamworks a small rectangular building sits on the left bank of the stream. No damage agencies appear to be acting on the site aside from some limited reed/grass growing in its centre. Condition good.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographed 08/02/2020.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Rectangular building shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV144519Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX66NW29. OSAD Card. SXNW29.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #118959 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV28302Related to: Tin streamworking at Hortonsford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jul 21 2020 10:26AM