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HER Number:MDV55112
Name:Gunnery Training Area, HMS Cambridge


Gunnery training area on south-west side of HMS Cambridge, visible on mid to late 20th century aerial photographs. Buildings demolished in early 21st century.


Grid Reference:SX 498 484
Map Sheet:SX44NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWembury
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishWEMBURY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Military earthworks, buildings and structural remains at HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX44NE/9
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MILITARY TRAINING SITE (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Horner, W., 1996, HMS Cambridge (Personal Comment). SDV346013.

HMS Cambridge. Site recorded on Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photograph. This is the south-western portion of the site and appears to include a number of command buildings and gun emplacements, probably for practice gunnery. "Old gun emplacements" referred to elsewhere in 1956 (see SX54NW/100/2). The structures also appear on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch (1967) map and do not seem to have been as extensively rebuilt as the domestic site (SX54NW/100).

GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping (Aerial Photograph). SDV321648.

Map object based on this Source.

Berry, N., 2006, Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Wembury Point and The Mewstone, Wembury, Devon, 2, 13 (Report - Survey). SDV345992.

The first permanent building on the Firing Site (on steep slopes downhill from the earlier site) was completed in 1941, and later known as the Frigate Building, including range finding equipment. Just downhill a twin 4-inch Mk 19 gun mounting was installed. After the war the Admiralty established permanent long and short range seaward gunnery ranges. In the late 1970s a new range centre for the Medium Range School was designed, named the Leach Building. The range control centre at the south-east corner of the two-storey building has spectacular projecting wrap-around armour plated windows overlooking two 4.5 inch gun platforms that are controlled and fired from within the building and via manned containers on the roof. The gunnery section became redundant when live firing ceased in October 1999, and in 2002 large scale demolition of the Firing Site was undertaken, removing all naval and military buildings (apart from the Leach Building), gun mountings, and ancillary and support structures. This was followed by landscaping and sculpting of hillsides and terraces using imported soil. The Leach building is to be demolished following purchase by the National Trust, as it is not considered suitable for conservation or alternative use. Other details: Figures 2-3, 17, 20-21; plan.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV321648Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping. Millennium Map. Photograph (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345992Report - Survey: Berry, N.. 2006. Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Wembury Point and The Mewstone, Wembury, Devon. National Trust Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2, 13.
SDV346013Personal Comment: Horner, W.. 1996. HMS Cambridge.

Associated Monuments

MDV78948Parent of: Buildings, Gunnery Training Area, HMS Cambridge (Monument)
MDV78952Parent of: Gun Emplacements, HMS Cambridge (Monument)
MDV78959Parent of: Gun Emplacements, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78958Parent of: Lower Explosives Store House, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78957Parent of: Lower Gun Emplacements, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78956Parent of: Short Range Firing Grid, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78960Parent of: The Leach Building, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78961Parent of: The Red Building, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV50865Part of: HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78934Related to: Fire Store Office, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78944Related to: Flagpole, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78965Related to: Main Explosives Store, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78933Related to: Military Buildings, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78963Related to: Naval Military Training School, HMS Cambridge, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV78938Related to: Pilot Waters, Wembury Point (Monument)
MDV103948Related to: Second World War Gunnery Training School, Wembury Point (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4959 - Survey of Wembury Point and the Mewstone, Wembury, Devon

Date Last Edited:Apr 26 2018 9:48AM