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HER Number:MDV55170
Name:Barn at Northwood Farmstead, Christow


Probable cow house on south side of the farmyard at Northwood


Grid Reference:SX 829 861
Map Sheet:SX88NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChristow
Ecclesiastical ParishCHRISTOW

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX88NW/64/3

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BARN (Built, XVIII to XIX - 1751 AD to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Rectangular building at Northwood shown on 19th century map on the south side of the yard.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Building present on early 20th century map.

Brown, S. + Laithwaite, M., 1993, Northwood Farm, Christow: an abandoned farmstead on the eastern fringe of Dartmoor., 173 (Article in Serial). SDV292407.

Probable cow house on south side of farmyard. The only farm building to survive intact. At ground floor level its walls are of earth-bonded rubble, up to 3.3 metres high, later repointed with lime mortar. Above it a cob-walled loft rises another 1.22 metres at the front. At the back most of the cob has gone, so the roof now tilts sharply backwards. Loft was probably entered from high ground at the back. No openings in the other three walls. At front were originally three ground-floor doorways with plain wooden lintels, but the easternmost was partly destroyed and blocked when the corner of the building was splayed in early 20th century. In its place is a small slit window. The middle and west doorways are 1.42 metres and 1.47 metres wide. In the western jamb of the middle doorway is an old iron spike, probably part of the hinge of a former door. Interior has no old partitions. Floor is cobbled and slopes down to front but has no drains. Loft is supported by four roughly-sawn beams. Roof has four trusses resting directly on wall-tops. There were never purlins or common rafters, simply rough thatching spars nailed across the backs of the principal rafters. Precise date uncertain, but timberwork looks 19th century. A building of similar size and position is shown on the 1841 Tithe Map.

Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Building present on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV292407Article in Serial: Brown, S. + Laithwaite, M.. 1993. Northwood Farm, Christow: an abandoned farmstead on the eastern fringe of Dartmoor.. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 51. Paperback Volume. 173.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #95120 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV108219Part of: Northwood Farmstead, Christow (Monument)
MDV43209Related to: Barn at Northwood Farmstead, Christow (Building)
MDV55171Related to: Barn at Northwood Farmstead, Christow (Building)
MDV22134Related to: Northwood Farmhouse, Christow (Building)
MDV55172Related to: Pigsty at Northwood Farmstead, Christow (Building)
MDV55169Related to: Well at Northwood Farm, Christow (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Feb 19 2018 2:43PM