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HER Number:MDV55208
Name:Earthwork Pits and Trenches on Woodbury Common

Summary

A concentration of earthwork pits and trenches of Second World War date are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on Woodbury Common.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 031 866
Map Sheet:SY08NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWoodbury
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWOODBURY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY08NW/113

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BOMB CRATER (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • SLIT TRENCH (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • WEAPONS PIT (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Quinell, N. V., 10/10/1995, Woodbury Common (Worksheet). SDV105415.

2. In angle of road and car park track there is an area with at least 8 slit trenches.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1412, RAF/106G/UK/1412 3171-73 13-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352504.

The earthwork pits and trenches are visible.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Site No. 24 (Archive - Survey). SDV358490.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Site No. 24 (Report - Survey). SDV359019.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, 10, Part 1; Part 2: Gazetteer, 6-7, Site No. 24 (Report - Survey). SDV101648.

SMR records existence of at least eight slit trenches in angle of road and car park. This area is under dense gorse; features could not be located during field survey.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003-2004, East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey, Site No. 2679 (Archive - Survey). SDV351568.

Military Earthwork.
See description in East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey 10, Part 1; Part 2: Gazetteer, 6-7, Site No. 24 - SDV101648.


Exeter Archaeology, 2007, East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007, 19, Site No. 2679 (Archive - Survey). SDV351571.

SMR records at least 8 slit trenches in angle of road and car park. This area is under dense gorse; features could not be located during field survey. Area lies to west of road under dense gorse. Features under no threat from foot traffic and not visible. Possible interpretation as World War Two military features in the area.


Exeter Archaeology, 2008, East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007, 3, Site No. 2679 (Report - Survey). SDV351570.

Features with World War Two training include trenches.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0286;SY0386 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

Several of the earthwork pits are visible.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A concentration of earthwork pits and trenches of Second World War date are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on Woodbury Common. The earthworks are dispersed across an area of approximately 21.5 hectares of moderate to steep southwest facing slope, broadly parallel to and either side of the B3180. The earthworks are dominated by concentrations of small trenches and circular to irregular shaped pits generally between 1.5 to 3.5m in length/diameter. The earthworks likely represent a combination of slit trenches, artillery shell craters and or weapon pits associated with Dalditch infantry camp located further to the southeast. Other concentrations of similar such earthwork features are visible across Woodbury and Bicton Common. A number of the earthwork pits and trenches remain visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2010, although it is likely that many more survive but are obscured by vegetation cover.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV101648Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.26. A4 Unbound + Digital. 10, Part 1; Part 2: Gazetteer, 6-7, Site No. 24.
SDV105415Worksheet: Quinell, N. V.. 10/10/1995. Woodbury Common. Devon County Sites and Monuments Register. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV351568Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003-2004. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 2679.
SDV351570Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2008. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. Exeter Archaeology Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3, Site No. 2679.
SDV351571Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2007. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 19, Site No. 2679.
SDV352504Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1412. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1412 3171-73 13-APR-1946. [Mapped feature: #95140 ]
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0286;SY0386 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV358490Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 24.
SDV359019Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.26. Site No. 24.

Associated Monuments

MDV15101Related to: Dalditch Camp. World War Two Army Training Camp, Infantry Training Centre (Monument)
MDV55211Related to: Slit Trenches, Woodbury Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Nov 22 2016 10:02AM