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HER Number:MDV55259
Name:Pillow mound 770 metres north of Blackaton Cross

Summary

A rabbit bury or pillow mound of probable medieval to post-medieval date has been recorded as an earthwork by field and aerial survey, overlying tin streamworking spoil dumps within the streambed of the Blacka Brook. The mound is identifiable as an earthwork mound on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 570 638
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 66
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/198/84/5
  • Old SAM Ref: 24248

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLOW MOUND (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 431 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5143-5144 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130640, 30/6/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Pillow mound forming part of Trowlesworthy Warren. Survives as a 30.7 metre by 5 metre by 0.9 metre high, flat topped, oblong shaped mound of soil and stone surrounded on four sides by the 1.3 metre wide and 0.4 metre deep ditch from which construction material was quarried. A 15 metre long, 0.8 metre wide and 0.2 metre deep narrow gully leading west-south-west from the western lower side of the ditch and cutting through streamwork earthworks may represent an animal run in which rabbits and vermin could have been trapped.
The pillow mound lies on top of an earlier alluvial tin streamworking earthwork and therefore is clearly more recent than the last phase of tin exploitation in this part of the Blacka Brook.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 51 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Depicted on the modern map.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An oblong mound approximately 28.6m long and 4.8 to 6m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, overlying tin streamworking spoil dumps within the streambed of the Blacka Brook.
The mound is probably the remains of a rabbit bury or pillow mound of medieval to post-medieval date.
The complexity of earthworks in this area mean that although the mound is identifiable as an earthwork from the sources available to the survey, it is difficult to distinguish from the surrounding linear streamwork earthworks. In addition, the surrounding ditch and possible animal run identified by the above authority cannot be identified with any confidence from the available sources but might be obscured by scrub vegetation.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 51.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130640, 30/6/1994.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 431.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5143-5144 12-JUL-1946.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-MAY-2007. [Mapped feature: #123001 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV14148Part of: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV55258Related to: Pillow mound 770 metres north of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV32066Related to: Pillow mound 790 metres north-north-east of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55257Related to: Pillow mound 860 metres north-north-west of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55290Related to: Pillow mound 860 metres south-south-east of Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2019 11:35AM