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HER Number:MDV55290
Name:Pillow mound 860 metres south-south-east of Trowlesworthy Warren

Summary

A rabbit bury or pillow mound of probable medieval to post-medieval date has been recorded as an earthwork by field and aerial survey, overlying tin streamworking spoil dumps within the streambed of the Blacka Brook. The mound is identifiable as an earthwork mound on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 570 639
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE66
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/198/87
  • Old SAM Ref: 24246

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLOW MOUND (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 431 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5143-5144 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130929, 16/3/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Survives as a 35 metre by 5.5 metre by 1.4 metres high, flat topped, rectangular shaped mound of soil and stone surrounded by the ditch from which construction material was quarried. This ditch survives as a 2.4 metres wide by 0.7 metres deep hollow along the south side of the mound and as a 1.5 metres wide by 0.2 metre deep gully along the north.
This pillow mound lies on top of an earlier tin streamworking spoil dump and therefore is clearly more recent than the last phase of exploitation in this part of the Blacka Brook. The pillow mound lies parallel to a number of tinworking earthworks and is sitting directly on top of the last dump thrown up within this discrete block of streamworking. The ditch on the south side of the pillow mound is probably larger because it also represents the final work area within this block of streamworking.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 51 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5663 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A mound is identifiable as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Depicted on the modern mapping.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An oblong mound approximately 35m long and 6m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, overlying tin streamworking spoil dumps within the streambed of the Blacka Brook.
The mound is probably the remains of a rabbit bury or pillow mound of medieval to post-medieval date.
The mound is identifiable as an earthwork but is difficult to distinguish from the surrounding linear streamwork earthworks. A linear gulley or ditch is visible on the south-east side of the mound, but this appears to be an eroded drainage ditch extending to the north-east beyond the streambed and may not be directly associated with the pillow mound. No ditch was identifiable on the north-west side of the mound.
The mound remains clearly identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 51.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130929, 16/3/1995.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 431.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5143-5144 12-JUL-1946.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5663 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122991 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV14148Part of: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV55258Related to: Pillow mound 770 metres north of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55259Related to: Pillow mound 770 metres north of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV32066Related to: Pillow mound 790 metres north-north-east of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55257Related to: Pillow mound 860 metres north-north-west of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55260Related to: Streamworks within the valley bottom of the Blacka Brook (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2019 11:09AM