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HER Number:MDV55680
Name:Defence Post 45, Exeter Airfield

Summary

Polygonal pillbox recorded on dcc computerised map base. In hedgeline and facing nw (horner).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 992 939
Map Sheet:SX99SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishClyst Honiton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCLYST HONITON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99SE/175

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLBOX (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

APH, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV100871.

Recorded on 1947 ap (aph).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV100872.

Des=horner, w. /(17/06/1996)/ as above/ note in pf.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV100873.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk/1974/3457/(11/4/1947)/smr 37/34.

Horner, B., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1669.

Possible polygonal pillbox recorded on dcc computerised map base. In hedgeline and facing nw (horner).

Morton, R., 1999, Clyst Honiton to Broadclyst pipeline: archaeological desk based assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV118377.

Francis, P., 1999, Exeter Airport. Historic Airport Survey for Devon County Council & East Devon District Council, 87 (Report - non-specific). SDV323390.

Defence Post 45. this is perhaps the most interesting of the airport's defence positions. It consists of a standard thin-walled, monolithic concrete FW3/24 pillbox for outer defence (facing north-west), while at its rear is a brick built machine-gun anti-aircrfat gunpit facing the airfield (south-east). This is similar to the gunpits at Culmhead airfield, but the Exeter example includes a windowless permanent brick shelter located at the rear of the gunpit. Like those at Culmhead, at the front of the pit is an underground magazine.
The structures are almost completely concealed within the hedgerow.
The pillbox is in good condition and the gunpit is in fair condition.

RSK Environment Ltd., 1999, Transco Broadclyst LDZ pipeline, Exeter: Environmental review, 11 (Report - non-specific). SDV325506.

CPM, 2000, Land at Clyst Hayes: an archaeological assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV325508.

Other details: Appendix 2.

Davis, R. A., 2014, Exeter Skypark, Devon, RGF Site Clearance and Landscaping: Historic Building Record, 8; Fig 2; Plates 31-33 (Report - Survey). SDV357036.

Along the west side of the fighter pen area, two defensive posts were located (45 and 45a). These features form part of a wider defence system which includes the defended walls to fighter pens 71 and 81. Number 45 consisted of a concrete pillbox located along an existing hedge line. It was orientated to cover the western approaches to the airfield and was built to a Type 24 ground plan (CBA 1995). Constructed from poured concrete walls and roof, it was hexagonal in plan with a rear east wall having a single entrance. Each side of the hexagon has an embrasure and the main entrance is flanked by two such embrasures. Internally, there was a characteristic blast protection wall. This was also constructed from poured mass concrete and on a ‘Y’ plan. The original internal firing shelves have been removed but, overall this feature was in good condition.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV100871Migrated Record: APH.
SDV100872Migrated Record:
SDV100873Aerial Photograph:
SDV118377Report - Assessment: Morton, R.. 1999. Clyst Honiton to Broadclyst pipeline: archaeological desk based assessment. Cotswold Archeological Trust Report. 991056. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV1669Migrated Record: Horner, B..
SDV323390Report - non-specific: Francis, P.. 1999. Exeter Airport. Historic Airport Survey for Devon County Council & East Devon District Council. Airfield Research Publishing Report. Digital + A4. 87.
SDV325506Report - non-specific: RSK Environment Ltd.. 1999. Transco Broadclyst LDZ pipeline, Exeter: Environmental review. RSK Environmental Report. A4 Spiral Bound + Digital. 11.
SDV325508Report - Assessment: CPM. 2000. Land at Clyst Hayes: an archaeological assessment. CPM Report. A4 Spiral Bound + Digital.
SDV357036Report - Survey: Davis, R. A.. 2014. Exeter Skypark, Devon, RGF Site Clearance and Landscaping: Historic Building Record. Wessex Archaeology Report. 100863.02. A4 Bound + Digital. 8; Fig 2; Plates 31-33.

Associated Monuments

MDV48842Part of: Exeter Airfield (Military) (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4774 - Historic Airport Survey, Exeter Airport

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2020 8:00AM