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HER Number:MDV5570
Name:The Reddaford Leat

Summary

The Reddaford Leat runs from its take-off from River Tavy at Tavy Cleave and travels to the Wheal Jewell Reservoir; a distance of over 5.0 kilometres. It also continues southwards (partly via the Cholwell Brook) to supply the mines at Wheal Jewell, Wheal Friendship and Wheal Betsy. Surveyed and recorded in the Dartmoor Trust Leats Project.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 524 818
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMary Tavy
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMARY TAVY
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Structural remains of buildings and machinery, as well as earthwork and buried remains of features relating to the Wheal Friendship Mine, Mary Tavy, worked between 1700-1925

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/30
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2011 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

‘Mine Leat’ depicted on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map (approximately 1880s in date).


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

‘Mine Leat’ depicted on the Second Edition Ordnance Survey map (approximately 1905-7 in date).


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 2490,2491,2492,2493 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


Ordnance Survey, 1954, Untitled Source (Cartographic). SDV345535.

"Mine Leat (Aqueduct)" recorded on Ordnance Survey (1954) map. Runs from area of tin workings at Willsworthy Range south-west to Wheal Jewell then on to Cholwell and Wheal Betsy.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 213 (Monograph). SDV149229.

The Reddaford Leat, flowing partly through Peter Tavy parish then into Mary Tavy, starts from the southern bank of the river at the bottom of the steep slopes of Ger Tor. For its first 0.5 miles it keeps close to the course of the river itself. At Nattor, it leaves sight of its parent water course and turns to run north westwards for about 1.5 miles, then roughly westward another mile around Willsworthy, and a similar distance almost due south before turning west again in to Mary Tavy parish to Wheal Jewell.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Leat recorded during the Arial Photograph Project.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 36 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

A leat supplying Wheal Jewell, Wheal Betsy and running on to Wheal Friendship via the Cholwell Brook.


Greeves, T., 2007, Reddaford Farm, Willsworthy: An Archaeological and Historical Survey, 32, Figure 29 (Report - Survey). SDV360294.

Reddaford Leat from the River Tavy.


Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2010, Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010 (Report - Survey). SDV347530.

Wheal Jewell Leat, Mary Tavy surveyed and recorded flowing between SX550830 - SX522812. (Tavy) Big leat, strong flow, part of Mary Tavy Power Station system, owned and maintained by SWW. Mostly on open country, the upper section is a popular walk from Lane End into Tavy Cleave. Feeds Wheal Jewell reservoir, then piped to power station. Other details: T:\Dartmoor Leats Survey / Q:\MAPDATA\HISTORIC\LeatsProject.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Mine Leat shown on modern mapping. There may be a weir and/or sluice gate at the point where the leat is taken off the River Tavey at Tavy Cleave.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 242, fig 6.74 (Monograph). SDV361789.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 213.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2490,2491,2492,2493.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 36.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345535Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1954. Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 Map. Map (Paper).
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #95327 ]
SDV347530Report - Survey: Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2010. Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010. Dartmoor Trust. Digital.
SDV360294Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2007. Reddaford Farm, Willsworthy: An Archaeological and Historical Survey. A4 Spiral Bound. 32, Figure 29.
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 242, fig 6.74.

Associated Monuments

MDV119729Related to: Building on the east side of Willsworthy Brook, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV12853Related to: Redford Farmstead, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV3185Related to: Wheal Betsy Mine (Monument)
MDV4185Related to: Wheal Friendship Mine, Mary Tavy (Monument)
MDV3236Related to: Wheal Jewell Mine, Mary Tavy (Monument)
MDV26304Related to: William's Shaft, Wheal Friendship Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 13 2018 3:15PM