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HER Number:MDV56088
Name:Devon Great Consols, Two Water Wheels

Summary

Two large water wheels providing power for shafts at Wheal Anna Maria & Wheal Josiah which were part of Devon Great Consols

Location

Grid Reference:SX 434 730
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/9

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WATER WHEEL (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

After 1849 most of the power for the machinery at Devon Great Consols was provided by 40' waterwheels located at Blanchdown Farm. These were fed by leats running from the Tamar. The courses of the flat rods transferring the power to machinery at Wheals Josiah and Anna Maria remain visible. The wheelpits NW of Blanchdown may still survive; but flooded.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 95 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 36 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.


Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 27 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.

Other details: Site 6.


Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 202-3, Figs 35,38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

The increasing depth of the mine at Devon Great Consols required more powerful machinery & by 1850 the 'Great Leat' (see PRN 56109) was providing water for the twin 'great' water wheels to the north of Blanchdown Farm. The Josiah wheel pumped Richard's & Hitchins Shafts (see PRN 56090 & PRN 51116) & the Anna Maria wheel at SX43437305 pumped Engine & Field's Shafts (see PRN 51099 & PRN 3877). The water supply appears to have come via launders from the Great Leat. The survey in 2002 found the site marked by a large deep pool. A 4m high stone retaining wall remains on the north side of the wheelpit & a high wall & bank was visible on the south side of the southern wheelpit. To the southeast of the wheelpits an arched brick & stone tunnel 4m long x 3m wide had partially collapsed. Much of the water from the pond left via another tunnel 3m long x 3m wide to the southwest which had also partially collapsed. Other details: Sites 318,318/1,318/2.


Bodman, M., 2003, Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 210 (Report - Interim). SDV325576.

A leat, 2 miles long, powered a waterwheel, 12m diameter and 3.66m wide. A second similar wheel was later put up 50ft away as Wheal Josiah's shafts grew deeper. They worked at 5 strokes a minute and lifted 52,000 pounds of water per stroke & drained shafts at Wheal Anna Maria & Wheal Josiah. Power was transmitted to the shafts nearly half a mile away by a flat rods system partially balanced by bobs near the wheels.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 202-3, Figs 35,38.
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 27.
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 36.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 95.
SDV325576Report - Interim: Bodman, M.. 2003. Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 210.

Associated Monuments

MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV56109Related to: Devon Great Consols, 'Great Leat' (Monument)
MDV56091Related to: Devon Great Consols, Twin Water Wheels (Monument)
MDV3873Related to: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Anna Maria (Monument)
MDV3874Related to: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Josiah (Monument)
MDV51099Related to: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV3877Related to: Wheal Anna Maria, Field Shaft (Monument)
MDV56089Related to: Wheal Anna Maria, Flatrod Gully (Monument)
MDV56090Related to: Wheal Josiah, Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV51116Related to: Wheal Josiah, Hitchins's Shaft (Monument)
MDV56113Related to: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Leats (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1815 - Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Initiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal
  • EDV1816 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:Dec 7 2011 1:05PM