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HER Number:MDV56091
Name:Devon Great Consols, Twin Water Wheels


Twin water wheels used to pump water from the Tamar to Plunger Shaft & Agnes Shaft at Devon Great Consols


Grid Reference:SX 433 728
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/10

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WATER WHEEL (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, Untitled Source (Unknown). SDV219135.

A leat 2 miles long powered a waterwheel 12m diam and 3.66m wide located at the bottom of the sett on the banks of the Tamar. This could be a second wheel, that was constructed in the 1850s to cope with the development of Wheal Josiah. Other details: Unattributed.

Ordnance Survey, 1884, 105SW (Cartographic). SDV218129.

Ordnance Survey, 1907, 105 SW (Cartographic). SDV276342.

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock, 47 (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

After 1849 most of the machinery at Devon Great Consols was powered by water wheels, fed by leats, at Blanchdown Farm. Power transferred to machinery at Wheal Anna Maria and Wheal Josiah via flatfods. The wheelpits near the river at Blanchdown have been landscaped and little remains.

Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 95 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

Water wheels by the Tamar powering flatrods linked to machinery at Plunger Shaft and Agnes Shaft.

Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 36 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.

Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 27 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.

Other details: 5.

Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 205-6 Figs 35,38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Large twin water wheels to the southwest of Wheal Thomas/Watson mine used to pump water from the Tamar to Plunger Shaft & Agnes Shaft (see PRN 3883 & PRN 3872) & shown on 19C maps. The Plunger Wheel was located at SX43307288. The survey in 2002 found evidence of Agnes wheel pit consisting of a dip in the ground 6m long x 2m wide x 1m deep which had been landscaped. At SX43337298 a large pond with water possibly from the upper water wheel tailrace & an underground pipe appeared to come to the surface above the Agnes wheel site. Other details: Sites 322,322/1,322/2.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV218129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1884. 105SW. 6".
SDV219135Unknown: Unknown.
SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume. 47.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 205-6 Figs 35,38.
Linked documents:1
SDV276342Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 105 SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 27.
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 36.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 95.

Associated Monuments

MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV56088Related to: Devon Great Consols, Two Water Wheels (Monument)
MDV71511Related to: Wheal Emma, Agnes' Shaft Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV3872Related to: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (new) Shaft (Monument)
MDV51100Related to: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (old) Shaft (Monument)
MDV42208Related to: Wheal Emma, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71615Related to: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV3883Related to: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Plunger Shaft (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1818 - Objective 5b: Lower Tamar valley: cultural heritage appraisal
  • EDV1819 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:May 4 2006 7:40PM