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HER Number:MDV56744
Name:Hut Circle within Enclosure (C) south-west of Shadyback Tor in Trowlesworhty Warren, Shaugh Prior

Summary

One of two hut circles of probable prehistoric date identified by field and aerial survey on the north-west facing slopes of a spur to the north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House. The hut circles are associated with an enclosed hut circle settlement. Of the two, only this hut circle was identifiable on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 566 649
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/48/8
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/89/7
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX56SE21, H (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV146590.

Visited 01/06/1950 (SX 5661 6498). Hut circle H, one of a group of eight. Diameter approximately 8.0 metres. The walling has fallen and is about 3-4.0 metres wide. No visible entrance.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Large hut circle against the north-east section of the enclosure wall shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Hut circle shown on early 20th centyr map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A vegetation covered circular bank is visible.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140614 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 2nd April 1995. Two stone hut circles within agglomerated enclosure. These buildings survive as banks of earth and stone surrounding a circular internal area. The interior of the northern hut measures 6.5 metres in diameter and the surrounding 2 metre wide coursed wall stands up to 0.7 metres high. A west facing gap in the hut wall represents a doorway leading into an annex measuring 6.5 metres long by 4.2 metres wide defined by a 1.4 metres wide and 0.3 metres high rubble bank. The entrance into this annex faces south-east and the southern hut is also connected to the annex wall. The interior of the southern hut measures 5m in diam and is defined by a 1.4m wide single orthostat and rubble bank wall standing up to 0.5m high.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159-160, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Northern hut circle within Shadyback Tor Prehistoric Enclosure 'C' has a rectangular annexe to the south-west.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 63, 102 173 b (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Hut Circle 'b' at SX56626497 is a sub-circular structure abutting the enclosure wall. It is composed of large stones with a few outer facing orthostats and a rubble core.There is a possible entrance in the south-west sector. The hut is 6 meters in diameter internally and 9.5 metres externally with walls of 0.7 metres high.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A circular bank is visible as a spread earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A circular stony bank is visible.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Hut circle visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439169, SX56SE22 (Website). SDV362732.

One hut is built onto the enclosure wall, and has a west facing entrance and an attached yard, 7.0 metres by 3.5 metres.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible on aerial photographs of 1964, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 as a roughly circular bank circa 3.5m to 4m wide defining a hollow or platform approximately 5 to 7m across.
Packed stones are identifiable within the bank material on the 2007 imagery, indicating a possible original wall or bank width of up to circa 3m.
The hut circle is the one of two recorded within the banked enclosure MDV4266. The second, MDV56782 was not is identifiable from the sources available to the survey.
A possible entrance is identifiable facing west into the enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159-160, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 63, 102 173 b.
SDV146590Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX56SE21. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. H.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140614.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439169, SX56SE22.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007. [Mapped feature: #123266 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2466Part of: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV57762Related to: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56782Related to: Hut Circle within Enclosure 'C' south-west of Shadyback Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 10 2019 10:06AM