HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV56780
Name:Enclosure with huts north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House

Summary

An enclosed hut circle settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible as stony earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. The enclosure contains at least two hut circles. It is one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 566 649
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/48/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

West and south sides of enclosure shown on 19th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140612 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 2nd April 1995. Agglomerated enclosure with several hut circles.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159-160, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Shadyback Tor Prehistoric Enclosure (B) with two hut circles.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 64, 102 174a (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Enclosure at SX56636497 is one of three sub-rectangular interconnecting enclosures. It may be secondary to the enclosure to the west as it abuts its east side. The north-west end is obscured by a later track and the south-west corner has been superimposed by a later wall. The enclosure is composed of a denuded wall and is 45 metres by 30 metres with a wall up to 0.4 metres high.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360209.

Enclosure visible on Lidar data.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as spread earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Not clear on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439169, SX56SE22 (Website). SDV362732.

Enclosure at SX 56636496 measures 60 metres by 40 metres and covers 0.2 hectares. It post-dates the enclosure to the west and is built of orthostatic walling in poor condition. The interior is clitter strewn and contains two hut circles.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Stony banks circa 3m wide are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 defining a roughly D-shaped enclosure to the north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
The enclosed area measures at least 52m across north to south, and circa 35m across west to east.
At least two banked circular hollows 5 to 7m across are visible within the enclosure, abutting the inner edge of the western and southern boundary bank. A third banked enclosure circa 16m across can also be identified as a subtle earthwork.
The visible earthworks are interpreted as the remains of a probable enclosed hut circle settlement of Bronze Age to Iron Age date, one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
The banked circular hollows within the enclosure are interpreted as possible hut circles, the larger enclosure a possible stock pound.
It abuts, and probably post-dates, a similar if slightly larger enclosure to the west.
The southern edge of the enclosure appears to have been incorporated into a later, possibly medieval field system (MDV14369).
South of this bank, further banks or terraces might be evidence of an annexe to the enclosure, including one or two additional hut circles.
The hut circles are transcribed as part of the enclosure but are also recorded separately.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159-160, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 64, 102 174a.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140612.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV360209Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #123250 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439169, SX56SE22.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV56781Parent of: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV57762Parent of: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2471Parent of: Hut Circle within Enclosure (B) to the south-west of Shadyback Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV15287Related to: Enclosure with huts north of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV2466Related to: Enclosure with huts north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV126325Related to: Prehistoric enclosure north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Mar 31 2020 2:13PM