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HER Number:MDV56783
Name:Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date to the south of an enclosed hut settlement within Trowlesworthy Warren. The hut circle was identifiable as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946, stone settings on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and a spread bank on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 565 649
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE21
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/48/4
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/48/8
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/89/5
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232
  • Pastscape: 439166

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX56SE21, F (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV146590.

Visited 01/06/1950 (SX 5660 6493). Hut circle F, one of a group of eight. Diameter 8.0 metres. Large stones line the inside of the wall. The height of the wall is 1.0 metre. The entrance is to the south-east. In good condition.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Hut circle shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Hut circle shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A vegetation covered circular bank is visible.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140615 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 2nd April 1995. Unenclosed hut circle adjacent to agglomerated enclosure. This building survives as a bank of earth and stone surrounding a circular internal area and is of the straight porch and single orthostat walling type. The interior is 6.5 metres in diameter and the surrounding 1.8 metre wide wall stands up to 1 metre high. A south facing gap in the hut wall lined on both sides with granite slabs represents a doorway leading to a straight porch. A large quantity of rubble lying on the south wall of the hut is probably the result of relatively recent stone clearance in the vicinity rather than an earlier structure as suggested by the National Trust Upper Plym inventory.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Western of two unenclosed hut circles to the south of Shadyback Prehistoric Enclosure (C) with an entrance to the south.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 62, 102 171 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Unenclosed hut circle at SX56606494 which may originally have been included in the enclosure to the north. It is composed of a well preserved inner facing of large orthostats. An irregular bank around the southern sector may comprise an earlier structure or possibly a porch. A 0.8 metre wide entrance in the south-east sector is flanked by orthostats and facings. The hut measures 6.8 metres diameter internally with a bank 0.5 metres high and orthostats of 0.75 metre high.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360209.

Circular feature visible on Lidar data.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A circular bank is visible as a spread earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A circular stone setting is visible.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Circular feature visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Hut circle shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439169, SX56SE 21 + 22 (Website). SDV362732.

Hut circle at SX 56606494 is relatively well-preserved and beyond the enclosure wall. It measures 6.1 metres north to south by 7.0 metres with a possible entrance in the south=east. The walls remain 1.2 metres wide and 0.8 metres high.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible as a vegetation covered bank on aerial photographs of 1946 closely matching a circle of stone settings visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007, enclosing a circular hollow or platform approximately 6 to 7m across. The hollow remains identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, which reveals the stone setting to be set within a spread earthwork bank 2.5 to 4m wide.
Although located without the enclosure, the hut circle is one of three recorded as associated with the banked enclosure MDV4266 immediately to the north, although of the two recorded within the enclosure only one is identifiable on sources available to the survey.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 62, 102 171.
SDV146590Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX56SE21. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. F.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140615.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV360209Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #123267 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439169, SX56SE 21 + 22.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV2466Part of: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56781Related to: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 10 2019 10:29AM