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HER Number:MDV56922
Name:La Fosse, Dartmouth

Summary

An earth dam, constructed in the 13th century, to create a triangular tidal reservoir to drive a tidal mill at Hardness. Following later land reclamation this became Foss Street.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 877 514
Map Sheet:SX85SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishDartmouth
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishST.SAVIOURS

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX85SE/237

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DAM (Built, XIII - 1201 AD to 1300 AD (Between))

Full description

Martin, M., 1980, Changes in the waterfront of Dartmouth 1000 to 1970, 129-36 (Article in Serial). SDV337580.

A dam was built across the creek on the line of the present day Foss Street in the 11th century. Corn mills were built on the dam. Sluice gates at what are now Flavel and Union Streets.


Smart, I. H., 1993, The Development of Dartmouth Millpond to 1846, 191-223 (Article in Serial). SDV340279.

At beginning of the 13th century an earth dam called 'la Fosse' was constructed to create a triangular tidal reservoir bounded by North and South Ford Lanes, to drive a tidal mill at Hardness, operating on the north side of the dam by 1243 using a mill race.


Freeman, R., 1995, The History of the Castle Hotel Dartmouth, 2 (Pamphlet). SDV340278.

'The Fosse' recorded on Roope's map of 1619, on the line of modern Foss Street, was a path across the top of a dam holding back the waters of the pool which on the falling tide turned two large mill wheels.


Smart, I. H., 1995, The Newcomen Road, 1 (Pamphlet). SDV341366.


Stephenson, G., 2001, Archaeological Desk Top Study: Flavel Centre, Dartmouth (Report - Assessment). SDV319967.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.


Waterhouse, R., Unknown, Dartmouth Conservation Area: Archaeology, 2 (Un-published). SDV355585.


Waterhouse, R., Unknown, Dartmouth Conservation Area: Archaeology, 8-9 (Un-published). SDV355585.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV319967Report - Assessment: Stephenson, G.. 2001. Archaeological Desk Top Study: Flavel Centre, Dartmouth. Exeter Archaeology Report. Project 4995. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV337580Article in Serial: Martin, M.. 1980. Changes in the waterfront of Dartmouth 1000 to 1970. The Mariner's Mirror. 66. Unknown. 129-36.
SDV340278Pamphlet: Freeman, R.. 1995. The History of the Castle Hotel Dartmouth. Dartmouth History Research Group Papers. 14. A5 Paperback. 2.
SDV340279Article in Serial: Smart, I. H.. 1993. The Development of Dartmouth Millpond to 1846. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 125. A5 Paperback. 191-223.
SDV341366Pamphlet: Smart, I. H.. 1995. The Newcomen Road. Dartmouth History Research Group Papers. 15. A5 Paperback. 1.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV355585Un-published: Waterhouse, R.. Unknown. Dartmouth Conservation Area: Archaeology. Digital. 2.

Associated Monuments

MDV42296Related to: Boat Dock, Dartmouth (Monument)
MDV56926Related to: Dartmouth Tidal Millpond (Monument)
MDV18431Related to: Dartmouth Tide Mills (Building)
MDV42989Related to: Drawbridge on Foss Street, Dartmouth (Monument)
MDV63581Related to: Medieval Ford at Ford Cross (Monument)
MDV63578Related to: Mill Gullet, La Fosse Dam (Monument)
MDV18507Related to: Tide Mill at Old Mill Creek, Townstal, Dartmouth (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2014 3:07PM