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HER Number:MDV57029
Name:Enclosure on Sampford Common, Devon and Somerset

Summary

Earthworks of a prehistoric enclosure are visible on aerial photographs on Sampford Common, Culmstock, Devon and Sampford Arundel, Somerset.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 118 167
Map Sheet:ST11NW
Admin AreaSomerset
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCulmstock
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULMSTOCK

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Possible Bronze Age burial mounds/cairns and Roman/post-Roman open cast extractive pits on Black Down Common

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST11NW/91
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

APH, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV45214.

Earthwork enclosure. Recorded from the air by f. Griffith in 1986 (aph).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV45215.

Aph=dap/gc 3,3a(26/3/1986).


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The enclosure is shown on the 1888 Ordnance Survey map.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/221 V, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/221 V 5274 11-JULY-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357046.

Earthwork banks and ditches are visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR ST1116 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

Earthwork banks and ditches are visible on lidar images of between 1998-2014. Map object partly based on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

Earthwork banks and ditches of a prehistoric enclosure are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998-2014, on Sampford Common, Sampford Arundel, Somerset and Culmstock, Devon. Only the very southern edge of the monument crosses the Devon border. The enclosure is shown on the 1888 Ordnance Survey map. It is sub-square in shape, with an entrance-way visible towards the southern corner and measures approximately 45m in length by 41m in width. The earthworks comprise an inner earthwork bank, up to 6m in width, which is partly encircled by an outer ditch up to 3m in width. A second bank is visible alongside the outside edge of the earthwork ditch, along the western side of the enclosure. Parts of the outer enclosure ditch to the north and east have been partly truncated by later extractive workings and as such was difficult to discern these later features from those associated with the enclosure. Earthworks of the enclosure are shown on the 2017 Ordnance Survey map.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Earthworks of the enclosure are shown on this map. Map object partly based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV357046Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/221 V. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/221 V 5274 11-JULY-1946.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR ST1116 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV45214Migrated Record: APH.
SDV45215Aerial Photograph:

Associated Monuments

MDV21652Related to: Field system on Blackdown and Sampford Commons (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Apr 12 2019 4:59PM