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HER Number:MDV5717
Name:Knatta Barrow on Quickbeam Hill, South Brent

Summary

Knatta Barrow on Quickbeam Hill possibly with a retaining circle

Location

Grid Reference:SX 659 642
Map Sheet:SX66SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Brent
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH BRENT

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SE10
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SE/44
  • Old SAM County Ref: 1008
  • Pastscape: 441767
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Rowe, S., 1896, A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 165 (Monograph). SDV249697.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 376 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Crossing, w. /guide to dartmoor/376.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 2280-2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 85-180 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

A retaining circle is present.

Robinson, R., 1978, South Brent Parish Checklist (Un-published). SDV137445.

Site visited on 5th May 1977. Knattabarrow. This cairn lies on the plateau of a hill between Bala brook and the Middle Brook. It is not so prominent as many of the summit cairns. It shows on the RAF vertical aerial photograph. It was recorded on the first edition of the Ordnance Survey of 1809. This large cairn (24 metres diameter, 1.7 metres height) composed of loose granite boulders. It is unusual among summit cairns in having a well defined outer bank about 1 metre wide and 0.5 metres high. This is partly turf covered but where eroded can be seen to be built of loose stone like the central cairn which touches it. It shows best on the north and east sides, while on the south west side it tends to merge into the body of the cairn.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Site visited on 19th March 1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

This barrow shows up very clearly on 1946 aerial photographs.

Robinson, R. + Cosford, J., 1986, Dartmoor multiple stone circles, 166-70 (Article in Serial). SDV178508.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 69, a54 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

This site as a ring cairn with central mound, ring 21 metres internal diameter, with bank 2 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. Central cairn is 16 metres diameter and 2 metres high.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 160, Map 57 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Knatta Barrow at SX65966420 to the south of Quickbeam Hill of 26 metres by 2.5 metres high in an exposed location. The cairn has been disturbed but still retains something of its original shape, an outer ring surrounding a raised interior with a mound at the centre. A little of the original structure survives and reveals some carefully layered slabs.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 441767, SX66SE10 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 2nd May 1950. In very dilapidated condition with large hollows in the centre. Knatta Barrow of 24.0 metres diameter, 1.7 metres high.
Field Investigation on 19th July 1977. There is a central cairn 20.0 metres in diameter and 1.7 metres high which may originally have had a flat or platform top, now much disturbed by the creation of small shelters and modern cairns. Contiguous to the base is an encircling bank of stones 2.5 metres wide and 0.7 metres high on the outer face; the inner face is 0.2 metres high but here it has had to retain spillage and slip from the central mound. Visually it cannot be determined whether this was a ring cairn to which a central cairn was added or if the ring was a subsequent construction.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Knatta Barrow' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1002659 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a platform cairn known as Knatta Barrow situated on the shoulder of Quickbeam Hill between Bala Brook and Middle Brook. The monument survives as a circular stony platform of up to 20 metres in diameter standing up to 2 metres high, which is surrounded by an outer stony bank measuring up to 2.5 metres wide and 0.7 metres high. The cairn has been disturbed by phases of early partial excavation or robbing, stone moving and shelter building.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137445Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1978. South Brent Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist.
SDV178508Article in Serial: Robinson, R. + Cosford, J.. 1986. Dartmoor multiple stone circles. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 44. 166-70.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 69, a54.
SDV249697Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 165.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 85-180.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 376.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 160, Map 57.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 2280-2.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441767, SX66SE10.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #95702 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002659.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 27 2021 11:15AM