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HER Number:MDV57317
Name:U.S. Army Tent City, East of Soay Plain North, Braunton Burrows

Summary

A tented encampment of Second World War date is visible as cropmarks and structures on aerial photographs of the 1940s to the 1950s, towards the southern edge of Area 'D' of the US Army Assault Training Centre, east of Soay Plain North on the eastern edge of Braunton Burrows.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 463 358
Map Sheet:SS43NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and structural remains of World War II military training features for D-Day Landings on Braunton Burrows

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43NE/260/20
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MILITARY CAMP (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 1944, Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center (Un-published). SDV339604.


Royal Air Force, 1945, RAF/106G/UK/957, NMR RAF/106G/UK/957 4022 30-OCT-1945 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349054.

Cropmarks and structures indicate the extent of a former Second World War tented camp.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1501, 3005 (Aerial Photograph). SDV337198.

Tent marks and associated huts recorded on the Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photograph. Presumably part of the U.S. Army tent cities. Other details: HER: 3/29.


Royal Air Force, 1954, RAF/540/1266 (F22), NMR RAF/540/1266 (F22) 0094-0095 08-MAR-1954 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349931.

The cropmarks remain visible, with one small rect structure base visible at circa SS463358.


Royal Air Force, 1957, RAF/58/2205 F22, NMR RAF/58/2205 F22 0025-0026 05-JUL-1957 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349748.

Little cropmark evidence can be seen, but structural evidence remains visible.


Ordnance Survey, 1989, OS/89115, NMR OS/89115 335-336 04-MAY-1989 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349086.

No cropmark evidence can be seen.


Bass, R. T., 1992, Spirits of the Sand (Monograph). SDV339609.


Bass, R. T., 1996, Guide to the US Assault Training Centre North Devon (Un-published). SDV325695.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 1680 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Tent marks and associated huts recorded on raf 1946 ap. Presumably part of the us army tent cities.


Passmore, A. + Knight, S., 2009, Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites (Un-published). SDV344664.

U.S. Army Tent City, east of Soay Plain North identified from tent marks and associated huts recorded on the Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photograph. It is unlikely that extensive remains exist, but abandonment deposits may have been made into nearby ditches or pits.
Visited 2009.
Site lies on east edge of survey area, mostly outside the Burrows. No remains identified since area under thick vegetation.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

Fragmentary parchmarks indicate the area of a Second World War military tented encampment on the eastern edge of Braunton Burrows. The camp was probably one of the ‘tent cities’ which comprised the troop accommodation at the U.S. Army Assault Training Centre from 1943 to 1944.
The camp appears to have been organised in a standard format, as is visible at the other camps recorded on the Burrows, to the north and south. The tents were rannged in blocks of one, two or three rows, each row containing least six and up to twenty tents. The tents measured circa 5 metres square and were spaced less than two metres from their neighbour. The extent of each block of tents is visible as a darker rectangular cropmark, the former location of each individual tent usually visible as a pale square parchmark.
At least twelve blocks of varying size and orientation can be identified. However, by October 1945 the cropmarks are diffuse and fragmentary. It was therefore possible to confidently transcribe the extent of only the most clear and definable elements of the camp. It is certain the camp contained more tents than has been transcribed.
Evidence for structures within the camp can be seen as several white rectangular features, probably areas of concrete hard standing, centred around circa SS462358. The function of these structures is unknown.
The cropmarks of the camp remain faintly visible in 1954, but by July 1957 only a small number of the possible structure bases can be seen. By May 1989 the area is covered in scrub vegetation and little evidence of the camp can be seen.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325695Un-published: Bass, R. T.. 1996. Guide to the US Assault Training Centre North Devon. Manuscript.
SDV337198Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1501. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3005.
SDV339604Un-published: Unknown. 1944. Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center. U.S. Plans from R.T.Bass. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV339609Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 1992. Spirits of the Sand. Spirits of the Sand. Unknown.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 1680.
SDV344664Un-published: Passmore, A. + Knight, S.. 2009. Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites. Exeter Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349054Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1945. RAF/106G/UK/957. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/106G/UK/957 4022 30-OCT-1945. [Mapped feature: #95765 ]
SDV349086Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1989. OS/89115. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/89115 335-336 04-MAY-1989.
SDV349748Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1957. RAF/58/2205 F22. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/58/2205 F22 0025-0026 05-JUL-1957.
SDV349931Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1954. RAF/540/1266 (F22). Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/540/1266 (F22) 0094-0095 08-MAR-1954.

Associated Monuments

MDV57283Part of: Braunton Areas A, B, C and D of US Assault Training Centre (Monument)
MDV74082Related to: Concrete Bases, Braunton Burrows (Monument)
MDV74083Related to: Concrete Debris, Braunton Burrows (Monument)
MDV57303Related to: Second World War Tented Encampment, East of Knife Ridge, Braunton Burrows (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4737 - Stewardship Scheme Archaeological Survey, Braunton Burrows
  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Jul 7 2017 12:34PM