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HER Number:MDV57332
Name:Morte Bay/Woolacombe Areas G, H and L of US Assault Training Centre

Summary

Morte Bay/Woolacombe Areas G, H and L formed part of the World War II US Assault Training Centre in North Devon

Location

Grid Reference:SS 452 420
Map Sheet:SS44SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGeorgeham
Civil ParishMortehoe
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGEORGEHAM
Ecclesiastical ParishMORTEHOE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS44SE/114

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MILITARY TRAINING SITE (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 1944, Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center (Un-published). SDV339604.

Areas G, H and L of the US Assault Training Centre in North Devon covered Morte Bay from Woolacombe in the north to Putsborough in the south and including the Yellow, Green and Red Woolacombe Beaches marked on original US army plans.

Bass, R. T., 1992, Spirits of the Sand, 98 (Monograph). SDV339609.

Bass, R. T., 1996, Guide to the US Assault Training Centre North Devon, 42-3 (Un-published). SDV325695.

The brief of the Assault Training Centre was to train combat units under realistic battle conditions, including overcoming on and off-shore obstacles, reduction of fortifications, repulsing of counter attacks and establishing of the beach head. Construction work began on training aids after 7/8/1943. Individual fortifications of various types sited along the sheltered beaches (including Croyde and Woolacombe). Details of training programme and individual structures given. Green and Yellow Beaches were the two main beaches for full scale amphibious assault landings once the troops had been taught their new tactics at Braunton and Baggy Point. Defences included wire, mines and pillboxes above high tide mark. Red Beach, at the north end of Woolacombe Bay, was a little used landing beach. The Assault Training Centre headquarters was at the Woolacombe Bay Hotel.

Bass, R. T., 2005, Spirits of the Sand: Field Edition, 95-101 (Monograph). SDV325697.

Area G at Putsborough covered the southernmost of the Woolacombe beaches and was little used. There was a stong point of concrete pillboxes and machine gun posts on the cliffs. Area H covered the middle of Morte Bay with Woolacombe Green and Yellow Beaches as the main destination for full-scale amphibious assault landings. Area L at the north end of Morte Bay included the Assault Training Centre's headquarters at Woolacombe Bay Hotel and the town played host to many officers billeted in local houses. The northern Woolacombe Red Beach was little used owing to the proximity of the rocks. A stone memorial below the road to Mortehoe overlooking Wollacombe Sands was dedicated in 1992 to the American soldiers who trained at the Assault Training Centre in North Devon.

Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 1686 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Areas "h" and "l" of the us assault training centre, north Devon. Including beaches woolacombe yellow, green & red marked on original us army plans. Fortifications of various types sited along beaches.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325695Un-published: Bass, R. T.. 1996. Guide to the US Assault Training Centre North Devon. Manuscript. 42-3.
SDV325697Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 2005. Spirits of the Sand: Field Edition. Spirits of the Sand. A5 Paperback. 95-101.
SDV339604Un-published: Unknown. 1944. Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center. U.S. Plans from R.T.Bass. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV339609Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 1992. Spirits of the Sand. Spirits of the Sand. Unknown. 98.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 1686.

Associated Monuments

MDV103381Parent of: Area H of the US Army Assault Training Centre, Woolacombe Sands (Monument)
MDV103380Parent of: Military Camp North of Woolacombe Station (Monument)
MDV103378Parent of: Military Camp South of Bickenbridge (Monument)
MDV103310Parent of: Possible Military Earthwork on Woolacombe Warren (Monument)
MDV103388Parent of: Possible Military Vehicle Park at Woolacombe (Monument)
MDV103384Parent of: Trackways North of Woolacombe Station (Monument)
MDV103324Parent of: Walls on Woolacombe Warren (Monument)
MDV58461Parent of: Woolacombe Bay Hotel (Monument)
MDV73990Part of: North Devon US Assault Training Centre (Monument)
MDV73993Related to: Area N of US Assault Training Centre to the northest of Georgeham (Monument)
MDV21118Related to: Baggy Point Area F of US Army Second World War Assault Training Centre (Monument)
MDV52950Related to: Bombing Range Target Indicator and Observations Posts to north-west of Putsborough, Georgeham (Monument)
MDV57283Related to: Braunton Areas A, B, C and D of US Assault Training Centre (Monument)
MDV57324Related to: Croyde Bay Area E of US Assault Training Centre (Monument)
MDV131210Related to: Long Stone, Putsborough (Monument)
MDV57333Related to: Morte Point Area M of US Assault Training Centre (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 2 2021 11:47AM