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HER Number:MDV57336
Name:Training Aid 21, Braunton Burrows

Summary

A small square structure visible on aerial photographs of 1945 is probably the site of Training Aid 21, as depicted on a U.S. Army plan of Braunton Burrows Second World War training area.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 449 333
Map Sheet:SS43SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and structural remains of World War II military training features for D-Day Landings on Braunton Burrows

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43SE/264/6
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MILITARY TRAINING SITE (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • PILLBOX (ASSAULT TRAINING) (World War II - 1943 AD to 1945 AD)

Full description

Unknown, 1944, Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center (Un-published). SDV339604.

Training aids 19-21 recored on U.S. Army plans.


Royal Air Force, 1945, RAF/106G/LA/102, NMR RAF/106G/LA/102 5007-8 17-JAN-1945 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349060.

Training Aid 21 is clearly visible as a structure.


Bass, R. T., 1992, Spirits of the Sand, 95-96 (Monograph). SDV339609.


Bass, R. T., 1996, Guide to the US Assault Training Centre North Devon, 27 (Un-published). SDV325695.

Three separate clusters of pillbox ruins stretch for 350 yards from north to south, parallel to the coastline and between the beach dunes and Ugly Lump Slack in the north, past Doughnut Slack almost to Old Met Slack in the south.


Bass, R. T., 2005, Spirits of the Sand: Field Edition, 37 (Monograph). SDV325697.

A mound remained of Training Aid 20 at SS45013342, a concrete face and rubble were found at Training Aid 21 at SS45013326 but there was no trace of Training Aid 19 at SS44963351.


Miller, D., 2006, World War Two Features Annotated onto Braunton Burrows Habitat Map (Cartographic). SDV339606.

'Concrete Faces' and a 'Mound' are annotated onto the Braunton Burrows Habitat Map.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 1685 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Training aids 19-21 recored on us army plans. Three separate clusters of pillbox ruins stretch for 350 yards from north to south parallel to coastline.


Passmore, A. + Knight, S., 2009, Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites (Un-published). SDV344664.

Visited 2009. At SS45013342 there are two large mounds, both too large to represent a single pillbox and probably natural dunes. One appears more isolated but is surrounded by vehicle tracks giving this appearance. There are smaller low mounds to the east. There is no debris visible in this area. (See also Monument 77528)


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

A small structure circa 3.5 metres square is visible on aerial photographs of Braunton Burrows taken in January 1945. The structure, one of three in close proximity, is probably the site of Training Aid 21, as depicted on a U.S. Army plan of Braunton Burrows Second World War training area. The structure is not readily identifiable on later aerial photographs and might have been demolished or obscured by shifting dunes immediately after the war.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325695Un-published: Bass, R. T.. 1996. Guide to the US Assault Training Centre North Devon. Manuscript. 27.
SDV325697Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 2005. Spirits of the Sand: Field Edition. Spirits of the Sand. A5 Paperback. 37.
SDV339604Un-published: Unknown. 1944. Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center. U.S. Plans from R.T.Bass. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV339606Cartographic: Miller, D.. 2006. World War Two Features Annotated onto Braunton Burrows Habitat Map. Nature Conservancy Council. Photocopy.
SDV339609Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 1992. Spirits of the Sand. Spirits of the Sand. Unknown. 95-96.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 1685.
SDV344664Un-published: Passmore, A. + Knight, S.. 2009. Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites. Exeter Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349060Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1945. RAF/106G/LA/102. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/106G/LA/102 5007-8 17-JAN-1945.

Associated Monuments

MDV77528Parent of: Pillbox, Braunton Burrows (Monument)
MDV57283Part of: Braunton Areas A, B, C and D of US Assault Training Centre (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4737 - Stewardship Scheme Archaeological Survey, Braunton Burrows
  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Jul 7 2017 12:34PM