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HER Number:MDV5789
Name:Enclosed hut circle settlement north of Bala Brook, South Brent

Summary

Enclosed hut circle settlement north of Bala Brook with eleven associated huts

Location

Grid Reference:SX 671 629
Map Sheet:SX66SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Brent
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH BRENT

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SE29
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SE/88
  • Old SAM County Ref: 381
  • Old SAM Ref: 20579
  • Pastscape: 441846

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure with ten 'Hut Circles' shown on 19th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 2279 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX6762, 2/307-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV177951.

Photograph taken on 14th April 1977.

Robinson, R., 1977-1979, South Brent Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV151046.

Site visited on 10th May 1977. The pound is present with ten hut circles within it of average diameter 7 - 8 metres. Another hut circle lies just outside the pound wall and is integral with it, just inside the water board fencing at SX67086300. Two hut circles adjoining and well preserved lie midway between this pound and the one to the north-west at SX67066303. There is a possible pound entrance at the south east. One hut circle the third most westerly in the pound has been rebuilt as a tinners cache with a small entrance built of granite blocks and what appears to have been a corbelled roof. This hut has a prominent door jamb still in position on the south east side.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Site visited on 19th March 1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Seven hut circles visible on 1977 aerial photograph, two attached to internal wall.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 103-4, Map 57, Figure 57.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure 'A' at 'Zeal Hill South' is triangular in plan and which seems to have been re-used as a cattle pound and in an earlier period served as a base for the tinners. The massive boundary wall has been topped by loose rubble shrouding the 2 metre thick Bronze Age core in places. The circuit is broken at the south-east corner where the bank has been cut back to a precipitous drop of 12 metres to the river. The tinners must have altered the course of the river before the present weirs were constructed. Of the many breaks to accommodate the various tracks across the interior only the gap in the north wall seems to be original, though widened. Eleven huts are crowded into the northern half of the enclosure with another outside the circuit wall. Many huts are in fair condition and open towards the south.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Enclosed Settlement' shown on modern mapping with eleven hut circles.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1012776 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

This enclosure lies above the north bank of Bala Brook, close to another and to two conjoined hut circles which lie between the enclosures. The enclosure is roughly semi- circular in shape and is circa 0.75 hectares in area. The wall, incorporating some large boulders, is up to 0.75 metres in height and up to 4 metres in width, it narrows along the straighter, incomplete side above the stream bank. There are possible entrances at the north-west and south-east and ten hut circles in the enclosure, which is cut by the water intake fence. The huts are up to 12 metres in diameter with walls up to a metre in height and 2 metres in thickness, they have entrances on the west or north-west side and some are set into the slope. A tinner's cache has been built into one of the western huts.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 441846, SX66SE29 (Website). SDV363416.

Enclosed hut group, north of Bala Brook, intake.
Field Investigation on 14th April 1950. Centred at SX 67156297, on a south-west facing clitter strewn slope, is an enclosed settlement abutting on the terrace overlooking the Bala Brook. It is semi-circular on plan measuring 110.0 metres north-east to south-west by 70.0 metres north-west to south-east and occupies 0.65 hectares.
Site visited on 27th September 1950. Ten huts in a walled enclosure on the left bank of Bala Brook. The enclosure wall is massive, narrowing on the stream side. The huts are terraced into the hillside, built of large boulders. Six huts are free standing, four are attached to the wall. The entrance is to the north-west on the upper side, slightly recurved. On the lower side, the wall is incomplete, either fallen away into the stream or removed by the water board whilst making the intake. The condition is fairly good, but deep in bracken.
Field Investigation on 22nd December 1977. The tumbled rubble walling is up to 3.0 metres wide and 1.0 metres high. A number of small gaps are visible on the south-east side; one of these is possibly an entrance. An inturned entrance 2.0 metres wide is visible on the north side. A yard is attached to the inside of the western wall of the enclosure. A number of small internal walls are visible within the enclosure. (Due to the scale of the re-survey only the largest is portrayed). There are nine huts inside and one outside the enclosure, three being attached to the enclosure walling. All but one of the huts inside the enclosure are of Type 2. The other at SX 67796297, is of Type 1, possibly built on the remains of Type 2. The internal diameters vary from 3.5 metres to 7.0 metres with walling averaging 1.9 metres thick and 0.5 metres high. The majority of the entrances are to the south-east. The huts have levelled interiors and are generally in good condition. The hut outside the enclosure is Type 2 and is in good condition with a levelled interior. The internal diameter is 4.5 metres with walling 2.5 metres wide and 0.8 metres high. The entrance is not visible and the hut is attached to the enclosure walling.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV151046Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1977-1979. South Brent Parish Checklist. South Brent Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV177951Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX6762. NMR Aerial Photograph. 2/307-8.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 103-4, Map 57, Figure 57.1.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 2279.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #127261 ]
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012776.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441846, SX66SE29.

Associated Monuments

MDV129079Parent of: Hut circle on the outside of an enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129070Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129071Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129072Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129074Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129075Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129076Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129077Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129078Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV5790Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV5791Parent of: Hut circle within enclosed settlement, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129103Related to: Hut circle to east of enclosed settlement east of Bala Brook, South Brent (Monument)
MDV5785Related to: Isolated hut circle north of Old Hill, South Brent (Monument)
MDV28472Related to: Tinner's cache in a hut circle at prehistoric settlement, South Brent (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 6 2020 12:29PM