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HER Number:MDV5795
Name:Enclosed hut circle settlement south of Black Tor, South Brent

Summary

Enclosed hut circle settlement 'G' (Butler) to the south of Black Tor

Location

Grid Reference:SX 679 633
Map Sheet:SX66SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Brent
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH BRENT

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SE79
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SE/91
  • Old SAM County Ref: 384
  • Pastscape: 442004
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure and eleven 'Hut Circles' shown on 19th century map.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 369 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 2278-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6763, 1/50-51 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169271.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6863/2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV145076.

Robinson, R., 1977-1979, South Brent Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV151046.

Site visited on 2nd March 1977. Pound- roughly circular, on steep rocky ground. Heavy bracken growth, diameter about 90 metres east-west, 80 metres north-south. The walls are well preserved, built of large granite boulders and about 0.5 metres - 1 metre high and 3 metres - 4 metres wide. Hut circles are all well preserved with clear hut platforms averaging 6 metres - 7 metres diameter. The pound has very little clear space within as they are so densely arranged. There is a later rabbit bury on the east side of the enclosure.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Site visited on 19th February 1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Aerial photographs show a total of fourteen probable hut circles, possibly more, two being attached to the internal wall. A pillow mound within the enclosure is visible on later aerial photograph only.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 101-102, Map 57, Figure 57.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure 'G' at the 'Black Tor enclosures' is crowded with buildings. Fifteen huts have diameters between 2.5 metres and 6.1 metres and two more may exist under the collapsed uphill wall. The boundary wall was originally 2.4-2.8 metres across and the considerable spread is still up to 1 metre high.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Enclosure with sixteen hut circles and one pillow mound shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1002505 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

This monument which falls into three areas includes three enclosures, stone hut circles and a pillow mound situated on a high ridge overlooking the valleys of the River Avon and the Bala Brook. The three roughly oval enclosures of varying size are defined by orthostatic and rubble built banks measuring up to 4 metres wide and 1 metre high. This eastern enclosure contains 15 stone hut circles of varying size. Five are attached to the enclosure wall, the rest are scattered within the interior towards the north and west. Two of the hut circles are conjoined and one of these has a dividing interior wall. A single pillow mound which survives as a low rectangular mound, surrounded by a partially buried ditch is situated within the eastern part of the enclosure.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442004, SX66SE79, Plan (Website). SDV363416.

On the south east slope of Zeal Hill, at approximately 310 metres OD., is a sub-rectangular enclosed settlement of 0.76 hectares. The maximum dimensions are 105 metres east to west and 80 metres north to south. The major feature is the massive enclosure wall which is now tumbled and generally 3.5 metres wide though exceptionally the spread of stone attains a width of 6.0 metres. Originally the wall seems to have been from 2.7 metres to 3.0 metres wide, the construction inconsistent, being partly of upright slabs with infill and partly of piled blocks but evidence of this is infrequent because of the general collapse of the structure. The wall varies in height from 0.5 metres on the northern side to 1.3 metres on the outer face of the southern side where very large boulders have evidently been cleared from the interior of the enclosure and roughly piled. There are two distinct gaps in the west and south west corners both of which may be modern. Fifteen metres to the north of the west gap there is a probable original entrance, much obscured by tumble, with fallen transverse slabs and a distinct hollow way 0.3 metres deep leading to it from the outside. The gap in the wall would appear to have been about 1.5 metres wide. There are fifteen huts within the enclosure, all very much ruined and in three instances the type is uncertain. Others appear to be of Type 2 with double walling 1.2 metres wide and at least 0.5 metres high, mostly collapsed and spread. The average internal diameter is 4.7 metres with extremes of 3.5 metres and 6.0 metres. Where visible entrances are to the south-west and south-east.
Four structures are built against the north wall, two of which, 'A' and 'B', are merely foundations of D - plan, incorporating a straight side; 'B' is enclosed within a straight-sided yard. The area has been much disturbed with loose stone scattered about and small pits or shelters constructed in the rubble and it is rather doubtful whether the straight walls are original features. Another hut, 'C' is almost square internally and this does appear to be original construction. It is tenuously linked to an adjacent circular hut by a built up levelled causeway which suggests that the square building may have had some purpose beyond that of a normal hut.
The only clear later usage of the enclosure is a pillow mound near the eastern corner.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145076Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6863/2. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV151046Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1977-1979. South Brent Parish Checklist. South Brent Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV169271Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6763. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1/50-51.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 369.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 101-102, Map 57, Figure 57.1.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 2278-9.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #127212 ]
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002505.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442004, SX66SE79, Plan.

Associated Monuments

MDV129040Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129041Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129042Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129043Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129044Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129045Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129046Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129047Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129048Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129049Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129050Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129051Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129053Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV5797Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV5798Parent of: Hut circle within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129054Related to: Pillow mound within settlement to the south of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Oct 30 2020 1:27PM