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HER Number:MDV5799
Name:Enclosed settlement south of Black Tor, South Brent


Remains of Enclosure 'B' (Butler) to the south of Black Tor crossed by a reave


Grid Reference:SX 677 633
Map Sheet:SX66SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSouth Brent
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSOUTH BRENT

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SE117
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SE/92
  • Old SAM County Ref: 384
  • Pastscape: 442108
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 369 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 2278-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6763, 2/56-7 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169271.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Robinson, R., 1977-1979, South Brent Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV151046.

Site visited on 2nd March 1977. North of the three pounds marked on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch map above Shipley Bridge, which are well preserved are three more. They are little more than 'ghost' pounds with very low walls largely made visible by the greater growth of heather and bilberry along them. Crossing remarks that they are fragmentary and difficult to trace. The most easterly has a doubtful hut circle at the north-east corner against the outside of the pound wall, diameter 6 metres, walls 0.5 metres high, the centre obscured by tumbled stone, and the central one a more doubtful one at the south east. The pounds can be faintly seen on the RAF vertical photograph of 1946. The Zeal Reave crosses the most westerly pound and forms the north wall of the central one.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure faintly seen on 1946 and 1976 aerial photographs with a possible hut circle in the west. Appears at the end of a reave.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 101-2, Map 57, Figure 57.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

One of at least seven enclosures on Black Tor. Remains of Enclosure 'B' with a reave crossing it.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Part of enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1002505 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

Visited on 5th February 1957. Third of three hut groups at Black Tor, Shipley Bridge. Enclosure with single hut attached to the wall on the upper side - a small hut or pen adjoins it. The enclosure wall is slight and ruined. The entrance is at the north west and there are two other gaps on the west side. A bomb crater has turned into a raised bog.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442108, SX66SE117 (Website). SDV363416.

Visited on 7th December 1977. Centred at SX 678633, on a flattish area west of Black Tor, at approximately 330 metres OD, are the fragmentary remains of a 'V' - shaped enclosure, with walling of rubble construction now measuring barely 1.0 metre wide and 0.3 metres high. This walling may be part of the reave noted by Fleming.
The east side of the enclosure overlies a stretch of fragmentary walling of similar construction which is 82.0 metres long and extends
in a north-east direction to abut on to an enclosed homestead.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV151046Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1977-1979. South Brent Parish Checklist. South Brent Parish Checklist. A4 Single Sheet.
SDV169271Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6763. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2/56-7.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 369.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 101-2, Map 57, Figure 57.1.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 2278-9.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #127250 ]
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002505.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442108, SX66SE117.

Associated Monuments

MDV28589Related to: Double stone row to the west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV79470Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement south-west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV19900Related to: Enclosure 170 meters south-west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV5801Related to: Enclosure 300 meters south-west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129066Related to: Enclosure south-west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129061Related to: Hut circle within enclosed hut circle settlement south-west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV129055Related to: Hut circle within enclosure 300 meters south-west of Black Tor, South Brent (Monument)
MDV25737Related to: Reave on Black Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2021 10:43AM