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HER Number:MDV58666
Name:Boom Chain Terminal southwest of Gommerock

Summary

Boom chain terminal groove 'Feature J' to the southwest of Gommerock which held the east end of a chain from Dartmouth Castle which could be raised to prevent access to Dartmouth Harbour

Location

Grid Reference:SX 888 505
Map Sheet:SX85SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishKingswear
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishKINGSWEAR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 765277
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX85SE/8/9
  • Tide Project: 16/04/2020

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DEFENCE OBSTRUCTION (XVI to XVIII - 1600 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Everett, A. W., 1968, Gomerock (Correspondence). SDV342800.

Groove cut in the slate to the southwest of Godmerock for securing the chain which was formerly stretched across the mouth of Dartmouth harbour. The chain was probably operated on the Dartmouth Castle side and was permanently secured on the Kingswear side.

Wilson-North, R., 1996, Gommerock, Kingswear: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV342799.

Curving gully or slot cut into the rock to the southwest of Gommerock tower. Feature likely to be the anchoring point for the harbour chain which passed across the mouth of the River Dart from Dartmouth Castle on the western side to prevent hostile access to Dartmouth. Presumably a loop of chain was laid in the gully which acted as a bollard.

Watts, M. A., 1997, Archaeological and Historical Survey at Gomerock, Kingswear, 17 (Report - Survey). SDV173198.

'Feature J' at Gomerock the boom chain terminal. At the bottom of the main steps is the boom chain terminal, represented by a semicircular rock-cut groove, approximately 0.2 metres wide and 0.25 metres deep, on the surface of a rough-hewn ledge at the very edge of the shore. The groove defines an irregular boss circa 2.25 metres wide, which is covered by water at high tide. It is difficult to estimate how much of this feature has been lost to weathering, particularly on its northwest side, but it may originally have been significantly wider (perhaps 3 metres) and more deeply set into the rock. The groove increases in width towards the water's edge. A small horizontal hole about 50 millimetres in diameter pierces the lip of the central boss adjacent to the outer edge of the groove. All of the shoreline features have suffered from weathering. This is particularly true of the boom chain terminal, which must originally have been more nearly circular in plan. The chain itself probably consisted of several lengths of chain attached to masts and boats to enable it to float. Other details: Figures 10-11,21,23-24 and Plates 26-30.

Gaimster, M. + Haith, C. + Bradley, J., 1999, Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1998, 241 (Article in Serial). SDV361737.

Pink, F., 2014, South Devon Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment (Interpretation). SDV357736.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV173198Report - Survey: Watts, M. A.. 1997. Archaeological and Historical Survey at Gomerock, Kingswear. Exeter Archaeology Report. 97.61. A4 Stapled + Digital. 17.
SDV342799Report - Survey: Wilson-North, R.. 1996. Gommerock, Kingswear: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV342800Correspondence: Everett, A. W.. 1968. Gomerock. Letter. A4 Stapled.
SDV357736Interpretation: Pink, F.. 2014. South Devon Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment. AC Archaeology Report. ACD618/4/3. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361737Article in Serial: Gaimster, M. + Haith, C. + Bradley, J.. 1999. Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1998. Medieval Archaeology. 43. Unknown. 241.

Associated Monuments

MDV8519Related to: Artillery fort at Dartmouth Castle (Building)
MDV58662Related to: Blockhouse at Gommerock (Monument)
MDV8520Related to: Gomerock Tower, West of Castle Road, Kingswear (Monument)
MDV58665Related to: Steps southwest of Gommerock (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4542 - Survey of Features at Gommerock, Kingswear
  • EDV4543 - Survey of Features at Gomerock

Date Last Edited:Apr 16 2020 12:34PM