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HER Number:MDV58836
Name:Probable Gravel Pit at Gammon's Hill, Kilmington

Summary

A large irregular earthwork pit, visible on aerial photographs taken between the 1940s and 1970s, may be an early-20th century extension of an earlier gravel pit. Images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 suggest that the centre has been infilled.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 275 980
Map Sheet:SY29NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishKilmington
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishKILMINGTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY29NE/326

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) QUARRY (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD (Between))
  • EXTRACTIVE PIT (XX - 1904 AD to 1975 AD (Between))
  • GRAVEL PIT? (XX - 1904 AD to 1975 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

No features are depicted in this location.


Ordnance Survey, 1906, 72NW (Cartographic). SDV335897.

Quarry not recorded on 1906 map although a small gravel pit is recorded on the north side of the main road.


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Quarry shown on mid 20th century aerial photograph as a large feature on the south side of the road and a smaller feature on the north side of the road.


Royal Air Force, 1948, CPE/UK 2431, 3197 (Aerial Photograph). SDV338615.

Quarry recorded on 1948 aerial photograph but appears to have been abandoned by this time. Other details: HER Number 39/59.


Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2431 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359315.

A large irregular earthwork pit is visible, with two smaller pits to the north of the road.


Royal Air Force, 1965, RAF/58/7109, RAF/58/7109 F41 0010-0011 22-NOV-1965 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351186.

A large irregular earthwork pit is visible.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1975, SY29NE31 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV341681.

Gammons Hill Quarry disused and partly infilled. Palaeolithic handaxe found here.


Ordnance Survey, 1976, OS/76052, OS/76052 V 050-051 08-MAY-1976 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359311.

A large earthwork pit is visible, with a relatively smooth ground surface. The two smaller pits north of the road appear to be vegetated.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV359177.

The edge of the pit is visible as an irregular earthwork but the centre appears to have been infilled.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping (Aerial Photograph). SDV321648.

Quarry shown in the enclosure to the south on 1999-2000 and later aerial photographs centred on Grid Reference SY27559788. The quarry shown on the earlier photograph to the north had been infilled.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

A large, irregular earthwork pit, circa 95 by 130 metres on the south of Gammons Hill, is visible on aerial photographs taken between the 1940s and 1970s. Two smaller pits, circa 35 by 55 metres, are visible to the north of the road. The larger pit appears to have still been sharp-edged in 1965, although the surface seems to have been somewhat levelled by 1976. It is not depicted on the early-20th century OS mapping, and the 1950s-1960s OS mapping shows the area as rough ground and gravel. A gravel pit is depicted on the second edition OS map immediately along the north of the road, and it is possible that the earthworks are a later extension of this industry that functioned in the earlier part of the 20th century. On images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2014 the edge of the pit is visible as an irregular earthwork but the centre appears to have been infilled.
The feature has been transcribed from the Historic England Archive 1948 aerial photographs, which have been recorded here as an additional separate source because there is a possibility that the prints may have been processed differently. This would potentially result in images on which archaeological features show slightly differently.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV321648Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Millennium Map 1999-2000 Getmapping. Millennium Map. Photograph (Digital).
SDV335897Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 72NW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV338615Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. CPE/UK 2431. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3197.
SDV341681Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1975. SY29NE31. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV351186Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1965. RAF/58/7109. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/7109 F41 0010-0011 22-NOV-1965.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV359311Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1976. OS/76052. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). OS/76052 V 050-051 08-MAY-1976.
SDV359315Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2431. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2

Associated Monuments

MDV36899Related to: Gravel Pit at Gammon Hill (Monument)
MDV58835Related to: Kilmimgton Quarry (Monument)
MDV28387Related to: Palaeolithic Handaxe from Gammon's Hill Quarry, Kilmington (Find Spot)
MDV54282Related to: Prehistoric Handaxe from Gammon's Hill Quarry (Find Spot)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 1:15PM