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HER Number:MDV5951
Name:Hut circle south-west of Bellever Tor

Summary

Previously described as a possible cairn, this was re-classified by the Ordnance Survey (1979) and Royal Commission (1989) as a hut circle. Internal diameter 8.5m., with a heather-covered earth and small-stone perimeter bank 3.2m. wide and 0.6m. high and an entrance gap 1.5m. wide in the south. The interior is stone free and turf covered.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 638 757
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Remains of prehistoric field systems and hut circle settlements, as well as funerary monuments above the Cherry Brook Valley, medieval field systems around Huccaby Rings and deserted Coxlake farmstead as well as the Brimpts Tin Mine leat

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67NW50
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 442657
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/77
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX67NW50

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) RING CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)
  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1938, 57th Report of the Barrow Committee, 62 (Article in Serial). SDV320309.

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 1305-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951/1979, SX67NW50 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346710.

(23/11/1951) Cairn now consists of a slight mound surrounded by a shallow ditch. Previously one stone of retaining circle visible at north-east and hollow in the centre of the mound showed a partly buried stone and some very much smaller pieces of granite. Diameter 5.0 metres, height 0.5 metres.
(20/12/1979) On a slight south slope at 366m. O.D. and within a field system (SX 67 NW 107) is the scrub-covered remains of what is probably not a cairn but a hut circle of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19) probably robbed for the nearby newtake wall. It has an internal diameter of 8.5m., with a heather-covered earth and small-stone perimeter bank 3.2m. wide and 0.6m. high and an entrance gap 1.5m. wide in the south. The interior is stone free and turf covered.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 and at 1:2500 for A.O. Records.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 12th september 1972. Fourth cairn at 'Black Newtake' to the south-west of Bellever Tor. Diameter 11.0 metres, height 0.3 metres. Traces of cairn or possibly hut circle.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, SX67NW (Cartographic). SDV346612.

Large cairn clearly visible aerial photograph.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, S. A. J. Probert (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(16/06/1989) A hut circle not a cairn; this item has been incorporated into SX 67 NW 107, (but not the information contained within Ordnance Survey 1963-1979).

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 32, 68, Fig. 25 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Stone ring, 10 metres diameter with bank 1.7 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. Surrounded by a ditch 2 metres wide and 0.5 metres deep with a causeway at the 1.4 metres wide entrance on south side. Other details: Figure 25, A 40.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 52 (Monograph). SDV219155.

The distribution of the surviving cairns on Bellever Tor is limited to the western and south-western slopes. There are ten Bellever Tor cairns. Cairn 7 is a doubtful site but similar to ring Cairn 4 with an outer diameter of 13 metres. A trench cuts through the bank on the south side andf the interior seems to have been scooped out, presumably a source of stone. A surprising feature is the shallow ditch outside the bank which must be of a comparatively recent date. Other details: Map 27, Site 20, Figure 27.14, Cairn 7.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Cairns north-east of Smith Hiill were considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monuments in 2004. Other details: Site 108.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Shown as a small circular feature.

Gerrard, S., 2006, Dartmoor Nationally Important Sites (Cartographic). SDV345607.

Within an oval outline.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Shown as 'Hut Circle' on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1305-6.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 52.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 32, 68, Fig. 25.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback.
SDV320309Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1938. 57th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 70. A5 Hardback. 62.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345607Cartographic: Gerrard, S.. 2006. Dartmoor Nationally Important Sites. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #96433 ]
SDV346612Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. SX67NW. Air Photographs Unit. Map (Paper).
SDV346710Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951/1979. SX67NW50. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. S. A. J. Probert.

Associated Monuments

MDV5889Related to: Cairn south-west of Bellever Tor (Monument)
MDV5950Related to: Cairn south-west of Bellever Tor (Monument)
MDV5888Related to: Cist and cairn south-west of Bellever Tor (Monument)
MDV5890Related to: Cist and cairn south-west of Bellever Tor (Monument)
MDV5891Related to: Robbed cist south-west of Bellever Tor (Monument)
MDV27670Related to: Settlement north-east of Smith Hill Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8640 - Spaders and Muddilake and Smith Hill Newtakes, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Mar 4 2022 3:53PM