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HER Number:MDV60661
Name:Cross-ridge dyke 50 metres to the north of Woodbury Castle


Cross-ridge dyke comprising a rampart and ditch which was built in two phases, the latter phase including a timber palisade. The earlier phase may predate the fort. The dyke appears to protect a pathway to a spring.


Grid Reference:SY 032 875
Map Sheet:SY08NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWoodbury
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWOODBURY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY08NW/16/7

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS DYKE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Iron Age - 4000 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

NMR, CITING TDA, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV128385.

Sy03158761 - sy03338751. Across the n entrance to woodbury castle, 140 feet distant, a line of entrenchments is drawn and other minor works are so arranged as to protect the path which leads to a spring of pure water (nmr, citing tda).

NMR, CITING TDA 104 + MILES, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV128386.

The cross-ridge dyke which is unconnected with the fort consists of a rampart and ditch. It was built in 2 phases both of glacis construction, the latter with a timber palisade on top. The earlier phase, without timbering, may predate the fort which appears to have been occupied in the earlier part of the pre-roman iron age (nmr, citing tda 104 + miles).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV128387.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV128388.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV128389.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV128390.

Miles, h. /pdas/33(1975)183-207.

Fletcher, M., 1998, Woodbury Castle: An earthwork survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Article in Serial). SDV338762.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Griffith, F.M. + Quinnell, H. + Wilkes, E, 2013, Hillforts of Devon, 26 (Monograph). SDV352457.

An outer earthwork, or cross-ridge dyke lies about 50 metres to the north of Woodbury Hillfort. It turns sharply south at its east end before stopping on level ground. It is more irregular and less substantial at its western end with a small spring, the Soldier's Well in its ditch. It again turns to the south at its western end becoming more intermittent where it runs below the main enclosure.
Limited excavations in 1980 on the east side of the road which passed through the dyke showed it to possibly be of two phases with traces of post settings on both sides, suggestive of a timber structue incorporated into the rampart in the later phase.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Earthworks shown.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV128385Migrated Record: NMR, CITING TDA.
SDV128386Migrated Record: NMR, CITING TDA 104 + MILES.
SDV128387Migrated Record:
SDV128388Migrated Record:
SDV128389Migrated Record:
SDV128390Migrated Record:
SDV338762Article in Serial: Fletcher, M.. 1998. Woodbury Castle: An earthwork survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 56. A5 Paperback.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV352457Monograph: Griffith, F.M. + Quinnell, H. + Wilkes, E. 2013. Hillforts of Devon. Hillforts of Devon. A4 Stapled + Digital. 26.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #123723 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV78112Related to: The Soldier's Well, Woodbury (Monument)
MDV10500Related to: Woodbury Castle (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5541 - Earthwork Survey at Woodbury Castle

Date Last Edited:Jan 15 2020 3:15PM