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HER Number:MDV6078
Name:Tin stamping mill, Soussons

Summary

Vis=24/5/1974 (greeves) typical c19 tin dressing floor, densley planted with trees. Otherwise in good condition, consists of a wheelpit approx.4m long, with an adjoining walled enclosure and the remains of at least two settling pits there is an l-shaped structure adjacent to the wheelpit, within which the stamps would have fallen. There is a well preserved leat embankment leading to the site. It is probably mid c19 or earlier. It is the only remaining example of this type of stamping mill in the golden dagger and vitifer area. The site is marked as a structure on os sheet sx67ne.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 672 799
Map Sheet:SX67NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishManaton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NE/69

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DRESSING FLOOR (Constructed, XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1900 AD (Between))
  • STAMPING MILL (Constructed, XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV289570.

Des=das/soussons archaeological sites/in pf.


Greeves, T. A. P., Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV69961.

Vis=24/5/1974 (greeves) typical c19 tin dressing floor, densley planted with trees. Otherwise in good condition, consists of a wheelpit approx.4m long, with an adjoining walled enclosure and the remains of at least two settling pits there is an l-shaped structure adjacent to the wheelpit, within which the stamps would have fallen. There is a well preserved leat embankment leading to the site. It is probably mid c19 or earlier. It is the only remaining example of this type of stamping mill in the golden dagger and vitifer area. The site is marked as a structure on os sheet sx67ne.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Outline of the stamping mill depicted on the late 19th century historic map.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force 1950 aerial photograph as in wooded area.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1990, An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking, 42 (Report - Assessment). SDV343684.


Bird, R. + Hirst, P., 1995, Survey Notes: The Soussons Forest (Northwest) Tin Stamping Mill (SX672799) (Report - Survey). SDV289571.

Stone-lined wheelpit around 4.5 metres long, 0.65 metres wide, open at southern end. Has been partly demolished and infilled. Wheel would have been of nominal 10 foot diameter and breast of a little under 2.0 foot.
The east side of the wheelpit probably formed part of a low wall running from leat embankment to banks on far side. Extending from the middle of this wall towards the north-east is a mound representing a platform on which stamps operated. Use has been made of a broad channel, possibly from early streamwork or surface working of a small lode, to set the dressing floor around 1.5 metres below surrounding ground level. Along about two-thirds of the north-west side is a well-constructed retaining wall. About a third of the way from the north-east end of this wall is a large projecting stone which appears to have been sited as a support for a rectangular buddle or for a launder serving a buddle.
The dressing floor probably had one stamps settling pit and two buddles. The areas either side of the buddles appear to have been stone flag floors. The dressing floor layout and retaining wall probably date to mid-19th century but the stamps end of the mill seems earlier - tentatively c.1790. There seems to have been therefore two phases of use, with the original mill being refurbished and the good retaining wall either representing a refacing of the original wall or, more probably, an enlargement of the dressing floor, the layout of which would be of the later date.
May have been part of the 'Runnige Moor Mine' recorded in 1792. Documentary evidence supports usage by Golden Dagger Mine from approximately 1850 to perhaps 1880, when it is assumed the site was abandoned.


Dartmoor Tinworking Research Group, 1995, The Soussons Forest (northwest) Tin Stamping Mill (SX672799) (Report - Survey). SDV360433.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV289570Migrated Record:
SDV289571Report - Survey: Bird, R. + Hirst, P.. 1995. Survey Notes: The Soussons Forest (Northwest) Tin Stamping Mill (SX672799). Dartmoor Tinworking Research Group. Digital.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV343684Report - Assessment: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1990. An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking. Digital. 42.
SDV360433Report - Survey: Dartmoor Tinworking Research Group. 1995. The Soussons Forest (northwest) Tin Stamping Mill (SX672799). Dartmoor Tinworking Research Group. Digital.
SDV69961Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P..

Associated Monuments

MDV57356Related to: LEAT in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest, Manaton (Monument)
MDV29153Related to: Streamworks along the Walla Brook, Manaton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7390 - Archaeological condition survey in Soussons Woods
  • EDV7402 - Archaeological condition survey in Soussons Woods
  • EDV7403 - Survey of the Soussons Forest (northwest) Tin Stamping Mill
  • EDV7431 - Woodland Survey (1989-90) at Bellever, Soussons and other woodland parcels

Date Last Edited:Jan 7 2019 3:08PM