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HER Number:MDV6096
Name:Enclosure 670 metres west of Babeny

Summary

A roughly circular enclosure containing one possibly two hut circles lies in enclosed land west of Babeny farmhouse. The enclosure is formed by a substantial stoney bank between 2.5m and 5.5m wide and remains to a maximum height of 1.0m. Some massive earthfast blocks and slabs have been incorporated into the fabric which has been adopted by a drystone wall marking the boundary between Babeny and Brimpts farms.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 664 750
Map Sheet:SX67NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Bronze Age settlement 580 metres west of Babeny, comprising a circular enclosure with at least one internal hut circle and further huts outside and further fragments of boundary walls

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67NE31
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 442479
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NE/84
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX67NE31
  • Pastscape: 442479

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 02/07/1964, F61 58 6399, 028-29 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262020.

(02/07/1964) An almost circular enclosure has been incorporated into the modern field wall. There appears to be an internal hut circle just within the west side (Ordnance Survey citing 1964 aerial).

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1307-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1983, Enclosure (Worksheet). SDV233151.

(23/11/1983) Oval prehistoric enclosure measuring c.63m north-south. Two contiguous hut circles attached to inner face of west side. There is ridge and furrow (c.3m wide) inside the enclosure; also occurs outside. A ditched bank runs east from the south of the enclosure. Linked to SX67NE/51 by a prehistoric wall.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

This maybe this enclosure which is not clearly visible on some poor 1946 aerial photograph.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(20/10/1993) Centred SX 66437510. A roughly circular enclosure containing one possibly two hut circles lies in enclosed land some 700m west of Babeny farmhouse. The 0.25 hectares enclosure is formed by a substantial stoney bank between 2.5m and 5.5m wide and remains to a maximum height of 1.0m. Some massive earthfast blocks and slabs have been incorporated into the fabric which has been adopted by a drystone wall marking the boundary between Babeny and Brimpts farms.
The hut comprises a stoney platform, 4.5m in diameter, at SX 66427508 adjacent to the western wall of the enclosure. The interior has been levelled by terracing on the east and cutting into the slope on the west. There is no trace of an entrance or walls to this hut.
At SX 66417508, also adjacent to the enclosure wall is a further stoney platform. Roughly rectangular in shape it measures 4.5m north to south by 1.8m and possesses neither an identifiable entrance nor well defined walls. This feature may simply be a stone clearance heap created when the enclosure was ploughed, probably during the 19th century.
At SX 66437507 the enclosure is adjoined by a stoney bank which runs east, downhill, to SX 66537508 and marks the southern edge of this later ploughing (see SX 67 NE 211).
A further ploughed-out hut circle (SX 67 NE 210) and several short lengths of prehistoric walling (SX 67 NE 212) lie 50m east of this enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1307-8.
SDV233151Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1983. Enclosure. Worksheet. Unknown.
SDV262020Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 02/07/1964. F61 58 6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 028-29.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV53024Related to: BOUNDARY in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV53021Related to: Field boundaries west of Babeny Farm (Monument)
MDV53019Related to: Hut circle near enclosure west of Babeny Farm (Monument)
MDV26160Related to: Natural feature west of Babeny Farm (Monument)
MDV53020Related to: Ridge and furrow west of Babeny Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8634 - Brimpts Farm, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project

Date Last Edited:Feb 1 2022 3:52PM