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HER Number:MDV610
Name:West Town Cross, Crediton


Medieval socket stone on St Lawrence Green in Crediton which formerly stood in North Street.


Grid Reference:SS 827 004
Map Sheet:SS80SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCrediton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCREDITON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS80SW/12
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 387099
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS80SW3

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SS80SW3 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV58743.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Cross (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map.

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1938, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part II, 319 (Article in Serial). SDV6308.

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1938 - 1939, Cross-base in Crediton Churchyard, 388 (Article in Serial). SDV58744.

Type B or C. Situated in middle of circular flower bed in what is now a small park - St. Lawrence Green. Socket stone square in shape with corners cut away to form irregular octagon, and fragment of shaft much damaged, square in section.

Venn, T. W., 1955, An Introduction to Crediton, alias Kirton or sometimes Critton, 29 (Article in Serial). SDV58742.

St. Lawrence's Green, socket-stone of cross which formerly stood in North Street, being known as the 'West Town Cross'. Date of removal not known. Type B or C. A square stone with the corners cut-away to form an irregular octagon, and a fragment, much damaged, of shaft, square in section. The stone is partly buried in soil and it is possible that corner spurs may exist below the surface. Medieval stone cross remains.

Department of Environment, 1972, Urban District of Crediton, 31 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV39769.

Probably medieval granite base and part of shaft of cross.

Wessex Archaeology, 2000, Alexandra Road, Crediton: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV323105.

Mid Devon District Council, 2003, Crediton Conservation Area Appraisal (Report - non-specific). SDV345978.

Other details: 5.

WSP Environmental Ltd, 2005, Mill Street, Crediton: Archaeological Assessment, Appendix 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV338960.

Bluesky, 2006 - 2007, Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV341189.

Map object based on this source.

Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 380, (Vol 3), sketch (Un-published). SDV360833.

Saint Laurence Green SS827004
A socket stone square in shape with corners cut away to form an irregular octagon, bears a much damaged fragment of cross shaft, square in section, stands in the park at the western end of Crediton High Street, known as Saint Laurence Green. A three day Saint Laurence fair, granted by charter in 12311 was held here (Saint Laurence Green) every August.
The socket stone and shaft were originally part of the town cross which stood in the High Street approximately at the bottom of Saint Saviours Way, where it marked the limit of the market area.
Saint Laurence Green was first laid out as a garden / park to mark Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897.
Cross shaft height 0.30 metres, base 0.27 by 0.27 metres. Socket stone 0.88 by 0.86 metres by 0.35 metres high.

Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

Map object based on this source.

English Heritage, 2012, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV348729.

Cross base on St Lawrence Green.
Base of cross. Medieval. Granite. Socket stone, rather worn, but possibly originally with chamfered corners. Short stub of granite cross base survives in socket.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV323105Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2000. Alexandra Road, Crediton: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 48168.01. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV338960Report - Assessment: WSP Environmental Ltd. 2005. Mill Street, Crediton: Archaeological Assessment. WSP Report. 12262065. A4 Stapled + Digital. Appendix 1.
SDV341189Aerial Photograph: Bluesky. 2006 - 2007. Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007. Bluesky. Photograph (Digital).
SDV345978Report - non-specific: Mid Devon District Council. 2003. Crediton Conservation Area Appraisal. Mid Devon District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV348729National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2012. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 380, (Vol 3), sketch.
SDV39769List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1972. Urban District of Crediton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 31.
SDV58742Article in Serial: Venn, T. W.. 1955. An Introduction to Crediton, alias Kirton or sometimes Critton. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 87. A5 Hardback. 29.
SDV58743Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SS80SW3. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV58744Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1938 - 1939. Cross-base in Crediton Churchyard. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 20. Unknown. 388.
SDV6308Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1938. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part II. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 70. A5 Hardback. 319.

Associated Monuments

MDV108126Related to: Millennium Cross, St Lawrence Green, High Street (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4270 - Mill Street, Crediton

Date Last Edited:Mar 15 2018 11:14AM