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HER Number:MDV6112
Name:Gidleigh Barton Farmhouse (Castle House), Gidleigh

Summary

The original house is thought to date to the mid-late 17th century; having been built using some of the stone from the castle. Alterations followed in the 19th century, converting the house into its present form. Gidleigh Barton ceased to be a working farm before 1914 and farmhouse has been a private dwelling since.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 670 884
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/4

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (XVII - 1638 AD to 1699 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Depicted on the Tithe Map; house appears much the same as in modern times.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Named as 'Castle House' on the early 20th century historic map.


Reichel, O. J., 1912, The Domesday Hundred of Wenford or Wonford, 287 (Article in Serial). SDV38842.

Medieval estate and Domesday manor of Ghiderleia. Early descents of ownership are given.


Reichel, O. J., 1912, The Hundred of South Tawton in Early Times, 344, 349, 350, 352 (Article in Serial). SDV251604.


Hughes, G. W. G., 1947, Gidleigh, 92-94, 102-3 (Article in Serial). SDV273922.

Considerable additions have been made to it. May have some parts of a manor house. Now called Castle House. Solidly built structure. Probably built before castle was built.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX68NE58 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV274508.

Gidleigh Barton in front of Gidleigh Castle.


Griffith, F. M., 1986, DAP/GW, 12, 13 (Aerial Photograph). SDV253850.


Blaylock, S. R., 1993, Gidleigh Castle: A Survey of the Standing Remains, 1991-2, 1,14 (Report - Survey). SDV275396.

May date to late 17th century, although visible fabric is late 18th and 20th century. Hints of early remnants survive, including re-used granite sills of mullioned windows.


Grumley-Grennan, T. + Hardy, M., 2000, Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present, 29-34 (Monograph). SDV359347.

Gidleigh Castle was bought by Bartholomew Gidley in 1638 and instead to modifying or pulling down the castle, which having not been occupied regularly for the preceding centuries was in a bad state, built another house nearby, using some of the stone from the castle, where Castle House now stands. The cellars, now mostly filled in, date from his time. By the mid-18th century, the Gidleys were struggling financially and the estate changed hands. The Reverend Thomas Whipham bought it in 1819 after a long lawsuit and appears to have been responsible for converting the house that Bartholomew Gidley built into the present one.
Gidleigh Barton remained one of the principal farms on Dartmoor during the remainder of the 19th century, let out to a series of tenants but the decline in agriculture from 1870 caused increasing difficulties. It ceased to be a working farm before 1914 and became a private house, with a number of owners. In the 1980s, during landscaping of the garden, a tunnel was discovered in the compressed granite, almost six feet high and 20-30 feet long. Function could not be established, although it is not thought to be mining-related.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV251604Article in Serial: Reichel, O. J.. 1912. The Hundred of South Tawton in Early Times. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 44. A5 Hardback. 344, 349, 350, 352.
SDV253850Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1986. DAP/GW. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12, 13.
SDV273922Article in Serial: Hughes, G. W. G.. 1947. Gidleigh. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 79. Unknown. 92-94, 102-3.
SDV274508Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX68NE58. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV275396Report - Survey: Blaylock, S. R.. 1993. Gidleigh Castle: A Survey of the Standing Remains, 1991-2. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.19. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1,14.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV359347Monograph: Grumley-Grennan, T. + Hardy, M.. 2000. Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present. Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present. Hardback Volume. 29-34.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #96734 ]
SDV38842Article in Serial: Reichel, O. J.. 1912. The Domesday Hundred of Wenford or Wonford. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 44. A5 Hardback. 287.

Associated Monuments

MDV113181Part of: Gidleigh Barton Farm (Monument)
MDV6128Related to: Church of the Holy Trinity, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV114061Related to: Farm building east of Castle, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV15151Related to: Farm building north of Castle, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV6131Related to: Gidleigh Castle (Monument)
MDV19467Related to: Gidleigh Pound (Monument)
MDV54076Related to: Linhay at Gidleigh Barton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Oct 8 2018 3:26PM