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HER Number:MDV6126
Name:Chapple (East) Farmhouse

Summary

Dates to the 17th century or earlier; totally refurbished and somewhat rearranged in the mid-19th century. Most of the interior is the result of these renovations, but the fireplace in the inner room is contemporary. It is built of granite ashlar with a hollow-chamfered surround and a 17th century crossbeam. House was split into two for most of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 671 891
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 68 NE 64
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/14/2
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Pastscape: 443657

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (XVI to XVII - 1600 AD to 1699 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Visible on Royal Air Force 1947 aerial photograph.


Alcock, N. W., 1969, Devonshire Farmhouses. Part 2, 87 (Article in Serial). SDV269384.

Chapple. House C. The present main house and the only one now inhabited. Probably a longhouse, perhaps of the 17th century. Has been much added to and renovated and has comparatively few visible features of interest. It has a large hall fireplace and another at the upper end. There are outshots on one side.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX68NE64 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV273952.

SX 67168911. The present farmhouse was probably a longhouse, perhaps of the 17th century. It has been much renovated and has no external visible features of interest. To the south of the farmhouse is a barn with a 15th century wooden door-frame built into the gable.


Alcock, N. W., 1981, Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue, 110 (Report - non-specific). SDV342504.

Jointed cruck recorded.


Department of Environment, 1987, Gidleigh, 139 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV275393.

Chapple Farmhouse including garden railings adjoining to south. It is 17th century or earlier, thoroughly refurbished and partly rearranged in mid 19th century. Plastered granite stone rubble; granite stacks, 2 with granite ashlar chimney shafts and one replaced with plastered brick; slate roof (formerly thatch). Corrugated iron roof to outshots. Long 5 room plan building. Overall 8 window front in 2 sections.
Mostly the result of the mid 19th century refurbishment in the interior. Oldest fabric exposed in the inner of the principal rooms. See List for full details.


Grumley-Grennan, T. + Hardy, M., 2000, Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present, 137-139 (Monograph). SDV359347.

'Chapple Farm', or 'East Chapple' is the most substantial house in the hamlet and was probably built as a longhouse in the 16th or 17th century. Much altered over the years; many additions and renovations in the 19th century. Most of the interior is the result of these renovations, but the fireplace in the inner room is contemporary. It is built of granite ashlar with a hollow-chamfered surround and a 17th century crossbeam. House was split into two for most of the 19th and 20th centuries.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

House is depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

3/185 Chapple Farmhouse including garden - railings adjoining to south 22.2.67 GV II
Farmhouse. C17 or earlier, thoroughly refurbished and somewhat rearranged in mid C19. Plastered granite stone rubble; granite stacks, 2 with granite ashlar chimney shafts and one replaced with plastered brick; slate roof (formerly thatch although the principal room section has probably been slated since the mid C19), corrugated iron roof to outshots.
Plan: long 5-room plan building built across a hillslope facing south. The house is basically as it was rearranged in the mid C19. At the left (west) end there is an unheated service room containing a woodstore. The 2 rooms to the right of this are the principal rooms and between them is an entrance hall with the main stair rising against the rear wall. The left end 2 rooms are the service rooms and they are separated by a cross passage with the service stair rising against the rear wall. An axial stack between the principal rooms and the service rooms serves back-to-back fireplaces. The other main room has an axial stack backing onto the woodstore and the end room of the service rooms has a gable end stack. It seems likely that the original house was C17 or earlier and had a 3-room-and-through-passage plan and may have been a Dartmoor longhouse. However, the mid C19 refurbishment was so extensive that insufficient of the early fabric is now exposed to determine the former layout. It is 2 storeys with C19 outshots across the rear.
Exterior: Overall 8-window front in 2 sections. There is no window, only a C19 plank door, to the woodstore at the left end. The principal rooms have a symmetrical 3-window section around a central doorway. They are C19 16-pane sashes under low segmental arches. The service end has a nearly symmetrical 5-window arrangement (only 2 to the ground floor) and central doorway. These are C19 and C20 casements, the oldest containing rectangular panes of leaded glass, the others with glazing bars. Both doorways contain C19 part-glazed 6-panel doors behind C20 gabled rustic timber porches. The roof is gable-ended and the principal room end has a lower pitch than the service end. To rear a C19 service door near the end wall. The rest is taken up by an attractive continuous outshot.
Interior: Most of what shows is the result of the mid C19 refurbishment including just about all the joinery detail. The oldest fabric is exposed in the inner of the principal rooms. The C17 crossbeam is soffit-chamfered with straight cut stops. The fireplace is contemporary; built of granite ashlar with hollow-chamfered surround. Half is blocked by the C19 oven housing, inserted with the kitchen fireplace behind. Alongside is a C19 cream oven. The kitchen fireplace has a plain chamfered oak lintel and the crossbeams of the service rooms are similarly finished. The roof is inaccessible for the most part. The truss over the woodstore however is a late C17 - early C18 A-frame with pegged and spiked lap-jointed collar. A jointed cruck is recorded here according to Devon SMR but none show. Also the eastern gable end shows that the roof has been raised at some time. From the right end of the front a low granite wall with C19 cast iron railings on top extends southwards towards the nearby barn (q.v) and includes a gateway flanked by monolithic square-section gate posts with rounded heads and containing a C19 wrought iron gate. Chapple Farmhouse is one of attractive group of listed buildings in a hamlet which also includes West Chapple (q.v). Although most of what can be seen is mid C19 the farmhouse is evidently much older and older features are probably hidden behind C19 plaster.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV269384Article in Serial: Alcock, N. W.. 1969. Devonshire Farmhouses. Part 2. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 101. A5 Paperback. 87.
SDV273952Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX68NE64. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV275393List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Gidleigh. Historic Houses Register. 139.
SDV342504Report - non-specific: Alcock, N. W.. 1981. Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. 42. Photocopy. 110.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV359347Monograph: Grumley-Grennan, T. + Hardy, M.. 2000. Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present. Gidleigh. A Dartmoor Village Past and Present. Hardback Volume. 137-139.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #96755 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV77125Part of: Chapple farmstead, Gidleigh (Monument)
MDV33354Related to: Barn south of Chapple Farmhouse, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV6125Related to: Cottage east of Chapple Farmhouse (Building)
MDV33353Related to: Cow house south-east of Chapple farmhouse, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV33356Related to: Poultry house at Chapple, Gidleigh (Building)
MDV6124Related to: West Chapple Longhouse, Gidleigh (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 5 2016 3:43PM