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HER Number:MDV6196
Name:Long cairn 160m south of Scorhill Stone Circle

Summary

Long cairn measuring 23m by 8.5m by 1.1m high. A probable long cairn, although possibility of it being a clearance cairn cannot be discounted. Partly slighted in centre by a track, giving impression of two oval mounds. The stone row shown by Butler is probably a natural occurrence of three stones. A small number of edge set stones on east side may represent a kerb. Grass and gorse cover at time of visit in 1998.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 654 872
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68NE27
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443559
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/75
  • Old SAM Ref: 28715
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX68NE27
  • Pastscape: 443559

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • LONG BARROW (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX68NE27 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV274353.

(07/06/1950) SX 6549 8721 Tumulus enclosed by circle of small stones recorded by H. H. Breton (1925). Apparently also mentioned by R. H. Worth 07/12/1948, although the Ordnance Survey recorder in 1950 was not aware of feature.
(09/07/1974) An amorphous turf covered mound up to 0.3m high with a surface outcrop of small stones and rocks around the north-west and south-west sides. It appears to be entirely natural. The area shows considerable evidence of minor surface diggings.
Classified by Ordnance Survey in 1974 as a natural feature.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 139, Gidleigh 2a (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

SX6549 8721 North of Walla Brook. (13/02/1977; Turner) Mutilated cairn with traces of retaining circle on the north side. 6.0m diameter, 0.7m high.

Robinson, R., 1985, Long cairn, Gidleigh (Worksheet). SDV274355.

Already recorded by Grinsell (1978, pg 139; Gidleigh 2a) as 'mutilated cairn with traces of retaining circle on west side.' Considered by the Ordnance Survey to be a natural feature.
(Site visit 11/10/1985) SX 6549 8721 Cairn lying around 200m south of the Scorhill circle, immediately south of the Scorhill Leat and just east of the track leading south from the circle. Irregular heather-covered mound 25m by 5m, long axis roughly south-west by north-east, with some large set stones visible up to 0.8m in height. Northern end is about 10m from leat. Interpreted as a long cairn.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 75, 83/e25 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

SX 6555 8724. A platform circle; ring of kerb stones 4.5m internal diameter, enclosing flat-topped cairn 0.45m high. Indication of a stone ring/ring cairn beneath cairn.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 149162 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(05/02/1998) Long cairn 160m south of Scorhill Stone Circle. Measures 23m by 8.5m by 1.1m high. A probable long cairn, although possibility of it being a clearance cairn cannot be discounted. Partly slighted in centre by a track, giving impression of two oval mounds. The stone row shown by Butler is probably a natural occurrence of three stones. A small number of edge set stones on east side may represent a kerb. Grass and gorse cover.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 192, Map 38.8 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Butler records another mound (c.7.0 x 0.5m) similar to MDV130493 on the other side of the leat, also visible from the stone circle. He suggests a central pit; possible cist remains as well as three or four stones representing a possible retaining circle.
Additionally, Butler records possible remains of a double stone row starting at the lower edge of this feature (MDV130497).

Environment Agency WMS, 2019, LiDAR DSM data (1m resolution), 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362957.

Visible on the lidar data; as mentioned by Gerrard, a track apparently cuts through the feature.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

Lying to the south west of round cairn MDV130493 is a 23m long by 8.5m wide stony mound standing up to 1.1m high. This long cairn is denoted along part of its eastern side by a number of edge set stones which represents the remnants of a kerb which survives elsewhere as a buried feature.
To the south east of this cairn is another mound which measures 10.2m long by 5m wide and stands up to 1m high. This mound may have also had a funerary purpose, although it is probably primarily a clearance cairn.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 192, Map 38.8.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 75, 83/e25.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 139, Gidleigh 2a.
SDV274353Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX68NE27. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Card Index.
SDV274355Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1985. Long cairn, Gidleigh. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 149162.
SDV362957Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 2019. LiDAR DSM data (1m resolution), 2019. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped feature: #129807 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV130497Related to: Possible stone row south-east of the Scorhill stone circle (Monument)
MDV130492Related to: Reave south-east of the Scorhill stone circle (Monument)
MDV130493Related to: Round cairn south-south-east of the Scorhill stone circle (Monument)
MDV6122Related to: Stone circle, Scorhill Down (Monument)
MDV27493Related to: The Bradford Pool Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Apr 19 2021 3:08PM