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HER Number:MDV6217
Name:Cairn and cist on the summit of Round Hill, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn and cist on the summit of Round Hill
ADD EVENT RECORD FOR RCHME SURVEY 1988

Location

Grid Reference:SX 610 744
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW3
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/3
  • Pastscape: 443241

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Prowse, A. B., 1901, The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor, 497-8 (Article in Serial). SDV233834.

A slight mound, five yards across, with a few of its ringstones left, and in the centre a kistvean 9 foot 3 inches long, by 2 foot, by 2 foot. The north-west slide slab in alignment. The displaced cover stone is 4 foot 6 inches wide by 3 foot 9 inches.

Worth, R. H., 1912, 31st Report of the Barrow Committee, 85, Plate 7 (Article in Serial). SDV233835.

West end stone of the cist has disappeared, coverstone overhangs the south side.

Worth, R. H., 1925, 44th Report of the Barrow Committee, 70, Plate 2, Figure 3 (Article in Serial). SDV237295.

Cist, Roundhill near summit is 1.1 metres long, 0.65 metres wide by 0.51 metres deep. Coverstone 1.5 metres by 1.3 metres by 0.23 metres thick.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 151 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Slight mound or cairn enclosing cist placed east-south-east to west-north-west: capstone to south-west. Stone row descends to north. Cairn diameter 6.4 metres, height 0.2 metres.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on RAF aerial photograph.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 227-228, Map 65, Figure 65.2 (Monograph). SDV337765.

'Round Hill Summit cairn and cist 1' at SX61047442 of 7.5 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high situated just outside the field corner of the enclosure to the north of the large prehistoric settlement. Little remains of the retaining circle but both sides and one of the end stones of the cist remain in place and the cover slab overhangs the cavity.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Feature shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443241, SX67SW3 (Website). SDV363416.

A slight mound, five yards diameter, containing the remains of a cairn circle and a central cist. The cist is situated 25 yards west-north-west from the highest point on Roundhill. "A scanty line of stones stretches down the hill north by east towards the West Dart".

(21/01/1980) At SX 61047442 near the summit of Round Hill at 365 metres OD are the remains of a cairn and cist. The cist, in poor condition appears to be 1.4 metres square and 0.5 metres deep; the cairn measures 7.4 metres by 6.5 metres and is 0.4 metres high. One 0.4 metres high stone stands within the cairn while another, at the southern end of the supposed row is on the north-west perimeter. From the latter a few stones extend eastwards for about 25.0 metres. The published row extends northwards for 80.0 metres the northern end disappearing into rock clitter. It incorporates some natural boulders and small stones of which only a few are erect and the general appearance is of the exposed top of a field wall with a similarity to that of the other supposed row in this area.

(17/02/1988) At SX 61047442. The ragged turf-covered cairn is approximately 6.5 metres by 5.6 metres across and about 0.4 metres high, a number of small earthfast boulders around the edge may be the last remnants of a kerb. The disturbed reed-covered cist oriented west-north-west to east-south-east measures about 1.3 metres by 0.65 metres and is 0.5 metres deep. The adjacent displaced capstone is 1.55 metres by 1.35 metres. It is not possible to deduce whether the stone buried on edge visible beside the capstone is infact the missing end stone of the cist. The cairn is almost enclosed by abandoned peat cuttings.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443241, SX67SW3 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visit on 6th February 1950. The cist is in fairly good condition, and is oriented west-north-west and east-south-east. The western end stone has been removed and is probably the slab buried, and standing on its end, on the south-east side of the cist beside the displaced capstone. The depth of the cist is 0.6 metres. Two stones of the retaining circle one showing above the turf, one on the north side and one on the east. Diameter of retaining circle is circa 5.0 metres. There are traces of a slight mound around the cist but it has been partly despoiled by adjacent turf-cutting.
Field Investigation on 21st January 1980. At SX 61047442 near the summit of Round Hill at 365 metres OD is the remains of cairn and cist. The cist, in poor condition appears to be 1.4 metres square and 0.5 metres deep; the cairn measures 7.4 metres by 6.5 metres and is 0.4 metres high. One 0.4 metres high stone stands within the cairn while another is on the north-west perimeter. From the latter a few stones extend eastwards for about 25.0 metres.
Field Investigation on 17th February 1988. At SX 61047442 the ragged turf-covered cairn is approximately 6.5 metres by 5.6 metres across and about 0.4 metres high, a number of small earthfast boulders around the edge may be the last remnants of a kerb. The disturbed reed-covered cist oriented west-north-west to east-south-east measures about 1.3 metres by 0.65 metres and is 0.5 metres deep. The adjacent displaced capstone is 1.55 metres by 1.35 metres. It is not possible to deduce whether the stone buried on edge visible beside the capstone is infact the missing end stone of the cist. The cairn is almost enclosed by abandoned peat cuttings.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cist' shown as a circle on modern mapping

Sources / Further Reading

SDV233834Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1901. The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Unknown. 497-8.
SDV233835Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1912. 31st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 44. Unknown. 85, Plate 7.
SDV237295Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1925. 44th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 57. Unknown. 70, Plate 2, Figure 3.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 151.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 227-228, Map 65, Figure 65.2.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443241, SX67SW3.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #128532 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV6257Related to: Cist north of prehistoric settlement on summit of Round Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6218Related to: Enclosure or remains of field system on Round Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6256Related to: Possible cairn and cist north-east of Round Hill. Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6221Related to: Settlement south-east of Round Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8627 - Roundhill Farm Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 15 2021 12:35PM