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HER Number:MDV6218
Name:Enclosure on Roundhill

Summary

Remains of a prehistoric enclosure, or fragements of a field system on Round Hill. Initially identified as one or more stone rows. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 610 744
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 910026
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/4
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1894, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3., 302 (Article in Serial). SDV234309.

On the brow of Round Hill are five stones arranged in an L-shape - the remains of a triple stone-row. Worth also suggests these stones were subsequently robbed to build the wall for the enclosure nearby.


Prowse, A. B., 1901, The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV233834.

A few yards south by west of the cist (SX 67 SW 4) is a sub-circle of small stones about 24 yards diameter. From its southern end "an intermittent line of stones" curves round the hilltop and ends near the cist west of the highest point (SX 67 SW 3).


Worth, R. H., 1912, 31st Report of the Barrow Committee, 85 (Article in Serial). SDV233835.

To the north of the cist are indeterminate remains which have the appearance of two stone rows, intersecting at right angles at a point 5.5 meters distant from the cist and bearing north 41 degrees 30' west from it. Needs further investigation.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67SW3 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV234308.

Stone row at Roundhill.
Probable stone row, beginning 8.0 meters north-west of the cist. The end stone is 0.5 meters high and the row which curves slightly and runs in northerly direction can only be traced with certainty for 55.0 meters. Beyond this point are a number of stones scattered about and it is impossible to say whether some belong to the row or not. The row itself consists of 13 single stones, some of which are fallen and it is indeterminate in places. No trace found of second row mentioned by R. H. Worth, and it has probably now been destroyed by turf cutting close to the cist. Other details: diagram included.


Attrill, N., 1980, Enclosure on Roundhill (Report - Survey). SDV346509.

A 0.4 meter high stone stands within the cairn while another, at the southern end of the supposed row is on the north-western perimeter. From the latter a few stones extend east for about 25.0 meters. The published row extends northwards for 80 meters, the northern end disappearing into rock clitter. It incorporates some natural boulders and small stones of which only a few are erect and the general appearance is of the exposed top of a field wall.


Fletcher, M. J., 1980, Enclosure on Roundhill (Report - Survey). SDV346510.

Near the alleged cist, as on Prowse's 1901 plan, there is a curvilinear bank of stones, of which a few large ones protrude the surface at intervals of 2.0 to 4.0 meters, and from 0.1 m to 0.3 meters in height. There is no circle, but the line extends to the north-east for about 20.0 meters and to the north-west for 60.0 meters. It cannot now be seen to join the row of stones to the west and like those it is not a stone row but the emergent part of a prehistoric field boundary (surveyed at 1/500).


Greeves, T. A. P., 1982, Dunnabridge Farm (Plan - measured). SDV266230.

Centred SX61167458. Possible prehistoric walls.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force aerial photographs.


Fletcher, M. J., 1988, Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV214888.

The features described by the previous authorities are all depicted on the Transactions of the Devonshire Association plan (1901). They are almost certainly all prehistoric field walls rather than stone rows or alignments and they probably form part of a field system which may have occupied approximately 4 hectares of the upper part of Roundhill - to the west of the prehistoric settlement. Much of this hill is covered by peat which may hide further evidence.
A linear wall which extends from the cairn and cist, at SX61047442, runs north down the hillslope as a partially buried line of irregularly spaced stones, and upright slabs standing to a height of 0.3 meters. Scattered earthfast stones and boulders tend to confuse the identification but walling can be traced to SX61047452 where it is lost in clitter. A fairly well-defined sinuous wall of similar type extends from the junction at SX61047449 across the hilltop to a point where it peters out at SX61127444. It may once have contained and linked with the well-preserved western boundary wall of the settlement. A ‘C' shaped enclosure up to 24.0 meters across and centred at SX61137443 probably joined this sinuous wall. A short length of fragmentary walling exposed by peat cutting extends eastwards from the cairn and cist for some 20.0 meters before fading out.
A length of possible prehistoric walling at the foot of the hillslope between SX61167458 and SX61207457, identified by Greeves, may also be part of this field system. The line of stones shown on the 1901 plan extending north-eastwards from the pillow mound consists of 13 irregularly spaced earthfast boulders with 9 others which lie roughly a natural spread perhaps enhanced by `clearance' material from the clitter-covered hillslope above.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 227 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure on Round Hill (apparently unconnected with the hut circle settlement to the east), consisting of a wall surrounding a square-shaped field with an extension laid out across the summit of the hill. Remains of a few isolated slabs of granite and traces of a bank are all that remain, which accounts for the original interpretation of the feature as a stone row. Associated with a cairn and cist just outside the field corner. Other details: Map 65, 1.


Quinnell, N. V., 1995, 'Stone row' on Roundhill (Personal Comment). SDV234311.

These 'stone rows' are in fact short lengths of prehistoric field walls. Other details: Notes in smr..


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV214888Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 1988. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV233834Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1901. The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Unknown.
SDV233835Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1912. 31st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 44. Unknown. 85.
SDV234308Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67SW3. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV234309Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1894. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3.. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 302.
SDV234311Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. 'Stone row' on Roundhill. Unknown.
SDV266230Plan - measured: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1982. Dunnabridge Farm. 1:25,000. Plan.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 227.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #96948 ]
SDV346509Report - Survey: Attrill, N.. 1980. Enclosure on Roundhill. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV346510Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 1980. Enclosure on Roundhill. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV6217Related to: CIST in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6238Related to: CIST in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6256Related to: CIST in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV6221Related to: Settlement south-east of Two Bridges, north of the Blackbrook River (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 13 2015 9:32AM