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HER Number:MDV6219
Name:Pillow mound on Round Hill

Summary

Feature to the east of Round Hill recorded by Prowse (1901) and the Ordnance Survey (1950) as a possible barrow was reclassified from the 1970s as a pillow mound. Mound measures 7.0m by 4.5m and 0.8m high. It is ditched with its main axis aligned with the slope (north-east by south-west).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 612 743
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW5
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443247
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/5
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/5/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 705
  • Pastscape: 443247

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) BARROW (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • PILLOW MOUND (Constructed, Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Prowse, A. B., 1901, The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor, 498 (Article in Serial). SDV233834.

A small mound, the nature of which is doubtful, though probably it is a tumulus for an intermittent line of stones passes from it down the hill north-east towards the West Dart river

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 1301 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 10th December 1946.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67SW5 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV234411.

(01/09/1950) SX 6121 7439 Small oval mound with traces of surrounding ditch, 1.0m wide, 0.25m deep. The mound is completely turf covered and in fairly good condition. No trace of line of stones mentioned by Prowse (1901). Mound measures 6.5m by 4.5m and 0.5m high.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 179a (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(17/09/1974) Round Hill SX 6123 7440. Ditched mounds believed pillow mounds of rabbit warren. This mound is 8.0 metres by 5.0 metres, height is 0.3 metres.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SW5 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV234412.

(25/01/1980) This is not a barrow but a pillow mound measuring 7.0m by 4.5m and 0.8m high. It is ditched with its main axis aligned with the slope. Surveyed at 1:10 000 and at 1:2500 for AO Records.
(19/02/1980) At the position indicated by Prowse there is a flat topped and roughly triangular stone measuring at its greatest 1.6m by 1.1m. The underside is partly buried but is at least 0.5m thick and curvilinear, almost boat-shaped, in section. Beside this stone on the north-east is a recumbent slab 0.8m by 0.6m and 2 more, 0.9m by 0.5m lie on the south-east side.
Immediately to the west of the large stone two edge slabs protrude from the surface both 0.7m long. They are not parallel, being 0.6m apart at one end and 0.8m apart at the other. The measurements do not conform to those of Prowse but nothing else can be seen in the vicinity. It is most unlikely that these stones represent the remains of a cist, but are a natural occurrence.
(From SX67SW4 / 443244) Nearby, as on Prowse's plan, there is a curvilinear bank of stones, of which a few large ones protrude the surface at intervals of 2.0m to 4.0m, and from 0.1m to 0.3m in height. There is no circle, but the line extends to the northeast for about 20.0m and to the northwest for 60.0m. It cannot now be seen to join the row of stones to the west (SX 67 SW 3) and like those, it is not a stone row but the emergent part of a prehistoric field boundary.
No survey action taken in regard to the alleged cist and row.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1982, Dunnabridge Farm (Plan - measured). SDV266230.

(11/05/1982) Shown as pillow mound on survey of Dunnabridge Farm.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

(22/01/1982) Department of Environment Field Monument Warden visit.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Barrow visible on 1940s aerial photographs and recorded on map overlay.

ADAS, 1988, ADAS Dunnabridge Farm Survey (Duchy of Cornwall) (Report - Survey). SDV266231.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1991, Duchy of Cornwall Enclosed Farmland Project: Archaeological Survey and Evaluation Dartmoor infill areas (Report - Survey). SDV364202.

(02/02/1988) SX 6123 7439 This pillow mound, situated on a steep east-facing slope, is fairly well preserved. The earthen mound, which measures 7.2 metres by 4.7 metres and 0.8 metres high is superficially disturbed on the top and has a few boulders protruding from its base on the downhill side. The silted ditch is, at maximum, 0.4 metres deep.
(09/11/1988) No significant features identified. Feature described by the Ordnance Survey in 1980 is almost certainly not a cist.

Radcliffe, B., 2021, Comments on sites at Round Hill (Correspondence). SDV364309.

(April 2021) Site is gorse-covered.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1002577 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a stone hut circle settlement, field system, short cist and a pillow mound situated to the east of Roundhill in a level area between the Blackbrook River and West Dart River.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV233834Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1901. The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Unknown. 498.
SDV234411Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67SW5. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Card Index.
SDV234412Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX67SW5. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown.
SDV266230Plan - measured: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1982. Dunnabridge Farm. 1:25,000. Plan.
SDV266231Report - Survey: ADAS. 1988. ADAS Dunnabridge Farm Survey (Duchy of Cornwall). ADAS. A3 Comb Bound.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 179a.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 1301.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002577.

Associated Monuments

MDV6220Related to: Stone alignment east of Round Hill, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8627 - Roundhill Farm Duchy Farms Survey

Date Last Edited:May 4 2021 12:12PM