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HER Number:MDV6255
Name:Hut circle 190 metres north-east of Moorlands Farm, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Hut circle to the north-east of Moorlands Farm on the north side of the present field wall

Location

Grid Reference:SX 626 736
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW60
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/22
  • Old SAM County Ref: 749
  • Pastscape: 443419

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1945, The Dartmoor Hut Circles, 231, Figure 4 (Article in Serial). SDV246120.

Hut circle north-east of Moorlands Farm of 9 metres diameter opposite prince hall. The walls are ruined by the activity of stonecutters who removed stone.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 2149 4429-30 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 11th June 1947.

Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 104-5 (Monograph). SDV231148.

The hut circle at Moorlands, dissected for small stone by fence builders, has an internal diameter of 28 feett and wall thickness of 6 feet. The wall has a stone face on either side (thick slabs or post-like stones being used) and the space between these faces was filled with soil and small stone. The internal face of this wall is always flat.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Site visited on 22nd January 1982 and 10th August 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph and recorded.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 216, Map 63 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Moorlands Farm was probably the site of the final settlement between the reave and the river but its only relic are the remains of a substantial hut circle just outside the present field wall.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Half circle shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443419, SX67SW60 (Website). SDV363416.

Field Investigation on 11th February 1980. Above a north-east slope at 338 metres OD is a Type II hut circle in poor condition. The level interior measures 9.4 metres in diameter within walling 1.3 metres wide, the inner facing incorporating boulders up to 1.8 metres in length and 0.8 metres in height. The hut has been much denuded for the adjacent modern wall, and no entrance is visible.
Field Investigation on 7th January 1988. Hut circle at SX 62617364. The remains of this apparently isolated and well-built hut circle stand on a level site above the crest of the steep slopes of the Dart River. The area to the south is now enclosed pasture and the slopes to the north and east are covered by large scattered earthfast boulders; there is no surface evidence of walling associated with the hut.
Internally the hut is circa 9.1 metres by 8.6 metres and it has a solidly constructed double-faced wall composed of large contiguous earthfast boulders and moorland slabs. The south side is overlaid by a 1.2 metres high coursed granite newtake wall and at least two large outer-facing boulders of the hut are incorporated within it. The maximum width of the hut wall is 1.8 metres and the largest boulder is 1.4 metres long, 0.9 metres high and up to 0.8 metres thick; there is little trace of the stone infill which may have been robbed when the newtake wall was built. The position of the entrance is not clear.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Hut Circle' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1003190 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the crest of a hill forming the steep southern valley side of the West Dart River. The hut circle survives as a substantial ring of double orthostatic faced and rubble filled walls measuring up to 1.3 metres wide and 0.8 metres high enclosing a circular level interior with a diameter of up to 9.1 metres. There is no clearly defined entrance. The hut circle has been overlain on its southern side by a substantial coursed newtake wall which incorporates some of the orthostats from the hut circle.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 104-5.
SDV246120Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1945. The Dartmoor Hut Circles. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 77. A5 Hardback. 231, Figure 4.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 216, Map 63.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 2149 4429-30.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443419, SX67SW60.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #97051 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1003190.

Associated Monuments

MDV6215Related to: Partially enclosed settlement north-east of Moorlands Farm, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 21 2021 1:29PM