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HER Number:MDV6260
Name:Cairn with a cist in the north-west of Swincombe intake, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn '1' (Butler) with a cist in the north-west of the Swincombe intake

Location

Grid Reference:SX 631 721
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW27
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/27
  • Old SAM County Ref: 726A
  • Pastscape: 443310

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 1501 BC (Between))

Full description

NMR SX6372, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV233990.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Worth, R. H., 1911, 30th Report of the Barrow Committee, 95-6, Figure (Article in Serial). SDV235782.

Joan Ford's Newtake. Cist, opened previously and rifled. Coverstone intact and lies partly resting on one side and end of the cist. South-west side stone is the longest and has been un-disturbed. Remains of a stone circle and a stone row within the newtake as well.

Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 85-6, Figure 6 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 153 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 19th July 1974. Cairn at Joan Ford's Newtake, diameter 9.0 metres, height 0.5 metres. Cairn with inner retaining circle, enclosing cist, placed south-east to north-west, all four slabs in position, capstone to south-east.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits (Site Visit). SDV114314.

Site visited on 13th May 1983.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph and recorded.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visited on 30th July 1986.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 38, 70, Figure 11, b7 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Embanked stone circle: an annular bank of earth and/or stones with inner edge of orthostats, with cist in centre. Internal diameter of bank 8.2 metres, 0.9 metres wide and 0.2 metres high.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 213-5, Map 63, Figure 63.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Joan Ford's Newtake '1' cairn at SX63147216 of 8.0 metres in diameter by 0.4 metres high is overbuilt by the north wall of the netake. It contains a well preserved cist of 1.0 metres by 0.56 metres with the cover stone levered out of place but with side and end slabs in place. One of the side slabs, apparently fractured, was ill matched in size and is set between the end slabs rather than outside them in the normal fashion. A low kerb-like retaining circle 8.0 metres across is now well within the mound.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443310, SX67SW27 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visted on 30th August 1950 . Cist, north-west of Swincombe intake, one of a pair. Cist with retaining circle, 8.5 metres diameter. Eighteen of the original stones remain, although there may be more incorporated in the intake wall to the north traces of earth barrow remain to height of 0.3 metres. Cist coverstone is resting against south-east corner of the cist, the alignment of which is north-west to south-east. Condition of cist and retaining circle good. Cist measures 1.0 metre by 0.65 metres by 0.65 metres deep.
Field Investigation on 15th January 1980. The cist lies on a south-east slope at 352 metres OD and is within a cairn with two concentric kerbs, partly destroyed on the north by a newtake wall. Aligned north-west to south-east the cist measures 1.05 metres by 0.6 metres and is 0.6 metres deep with its coverstone on the south-east. The cairn, 12.8 metres in diameter, and 0.7 metres high has a level centre inside the kerbs which average 7.5 metres and 10.6 metres in diameter.
Field Investigation on 2nd March 1989. At SX 63137215 a cairn and cist situated just off the crest of a rounded high point on a south-facing slope at 353 metres OD. The site, on relatively stone-free moorland pasture, has extensive views to the south across the Swincombe Valley. The turf-covered cairn has been damaged and spread; it now measures about 11.5 metres east to west by 10.6 metres north to south and averages 0.4 metres high with a spoil heap, 0.9 metres high on the east side. A low kerb within the disturbed fringes of the mound is 8.7 metres in diameter with more or less continuous upright slabs and boulders 0.3 metres to 0.6 metres high. The second kerb noted is not traceable and the disturbed perimeter is probably the result of desultory digging. A drystone newtake wall crosses the north side and overlies part of the kerb. A well-preserved cist, oriented north-west to south-east, is internally 1.0 metre long, 0.5 to 0.65 metres wide and up to 0.7 metres deep. The slabs are inclined inwards and the largest side and end slabs are 1.5 metres by 0.25 metres by 0.7 metres and 0.75 metres by 0.3 metres by 0.7 metres respectively. The coverstone leans against the south-east side of the cist and measures 1.35 metres by 1.0 metres by 0.2 metres.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cist' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1003189 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The eastern cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 11 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres high which has an internal almost continuous ring of small stones forming a kerb with a diameter of 8 metres and measuring up to 0.4 metres high. This cairn contains a cist which measures up to 1 metre long by 0.6 metres wide and has a displaced coverstone.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV114314Site Visit: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits.
SDV20973Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 85-6, Figure 6.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 38, 70, Figure 11, b7.
SDV233990Aerial Photograph: NMR SX6372. 2.
SDV235782Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1911. 30th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 43. Unknown. 95-6, Figure.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 153.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 213-5, Map 63, Figure 63.1.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443310, SX67SW27.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #129170 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1003189.

Associated Monuments

MDV6261Related to: Stone circle 270 meters north-west of Swincombe intake (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8146 - Royal Commission Survey at Down Ridge and Swincombe

Date Last Edited:Mar 10 2021 12:24PM