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HER Number:MDV6279
Name:Cairn with cist east of the Wheal Emma leat, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Cairn with cist to the east of the Wheal Emma leat

Location

Grid Reference:SX 628 709
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW32
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/41
  • Old SAM County Ref: 729B
  • Pastscape: 443325

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1905, 24th Report of the Barrow Committee, 91-2, Plate 3 (Article in Serial). SDV64705.

Two side and north-west end stone remain. Excavated but previously robbed. South-west side has been thrown across cist and leans on the north-east side stone.

Ordnance Survey, 1906, 107SW (Cartographic). SDV336772.

'Kistvaen' shown on early 20th century map.

Breton, H. H., 1912, Beautiful Dartmoor III. Southern Quarter, 15-16 (Monograph). SDV250997.

Anonymous, 1937, Proceedings of the 76th annual meeting, 75 (Article in Serial). SDV256417.

Fox, A., 1969, Swincombe Survey, 5 (Report - Survey). SDV250998.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 153 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 27th September 1975. Cairn enclosing a cist placed south-east to north-west . Diameter 3.6 metres, Height 0.3 metres.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Site visited on 20th January 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photograph.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visited on 30th July 1986.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 218-9, Map 64, Figure 64.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Ter Hill N..W. '2' cairn at SX62847098 of circa 5.0 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high with a cist. This southern cairn had been dug into and the mound was spread to 5.0 metres across. The cover of the cist and one of the end slabs had been removed allowing the south side stone to topple inwards.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Cairn shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 443325, SX67SW32 (Website). SDV363416.

Cairn with cist, Fox Tor newtake. Cist (length 1.3 metres, width 0.6 metres), cairn diameter 3.6 metres.
Site visited on 27th April 1950. Cist lies within small barrow at SX62867097 with one end stone missing. Investigations by Burnard in 1905 were abandoned when a broken beer bottle was found at the base of a side stone.
Field Investigation on 13th August 1977. This cist lies within a small cairn of 4.0 metres diameter on a west-facing slope at 375 metres OD. The depth of the cist is 0.7metres.
Field Investigation on 12th June 1988. At SX 62867097 is a fairly well preserved cairn and cist lying in rough moorland pasture on a peat covered hillslope. The turf-covered cairn is, at maximum, 3.9 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres in height. The cist, oriented north-west to south-east, is approximately 1.3 metres by 0.55 metres, and 0.75 metres deep, and now almost hidden by the south-west side stone which has fallen inwards. The north-east end stone is not evident but an 0.7 metres high upright granite post retains part of the mound on this north-east side. There is no trace of the coverstone.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cist' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1002592 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument which falls into two areas includes two round cairns with cists situated on the lower north-west facing slopes of Ter Hill overlooking the River Swincombe as it exits Foxtor Mires. The southern cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 5 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres high. This cairn contains a cist which measures up to 1.3 metres long and 0.6 metres wide. There is no coverstone and early partial excavations found a broken beer bottle and showed that earlier excavations had removed one side of the cist causing it to collapse.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV250997Monograph: Breton, H. H.. 1912. Beautiful Dartmoor III. Southern Quarter. Beautiful Dartmoor III. Southern Quarter. Unknown. 15-16.
SDV250998Report - Survey: Fox, A.. 1969. Swincombe Survey. Unknown. 5.
SDV256417Article in Serial: Anonymous. 1937. Proceedings of the 76th annual meeting. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. Unknown. 75.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 153.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336772Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 107SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 218-9, Map 64, Figure 64.1.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #129209 ]
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 443325, SX67SW32.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002592.
SDV64705Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1905. 24th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. 91-2, Plate 3.

Associated Monuments

MDV6303Related to: Cairn with cist east of Wheal Emma leat, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV12969Related to: Possible cairn between two cists east of Wheal Emma leat, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8146 - Royal Commission Survey at Down Ridge and Swincombe
  • EDV3458 - Excavation of carin, Fox Tor newtake

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2021 9:57AM